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Belgium expands smoking ban to all cafes, casinos.



Belgium


(L) This map shows rivers in Netherlands. The areas of Netherlands are above sea level.
(R) German ICE train at the Brussels-North station


The Kingdom of Belgium is a country of northwest Europe. It is a founding member of European Union
and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organizations such
as NATO. Belgium has a population of about 11 million people. Almost all the people in Belgium live in
urban. The population density of Belgium is 342 per square kms, one of the highest in Europe, after
that of Netherlands and some micro-states such as Monaco.

ベルギー王国は隣国のオランダ、ルクセンブルクと合わせてベネルクスと呼ばれる。欧州連合の原加盟国であり、
その主要機関の多くが首都ブリュッセルに置かれている。人口密度は高く、2008年現在、1平方キロ当たり399人。
オランダ語が60%程度、フランス語が40%程度、ドイツ語が1%未満である。なお首都ブリュッセルは
オランダ語の使われるフランデレン地域に囲まれているが、フランス語話者が8割以上を占めている。


Belgium expands smoking ban to all cafes, casinos.

Belgium's top court decided to widen the country's smoking ban in public spaces to cover all
cafes and nine casinos from July 2012.
Smoking has been banned in work places, restaurants and
pubs that serve food since 2009, while temporary exemptions had been granted to casinos and
cafes that only serve snacks such as crisps and peanuts. The law had called for the exemptions
to end sometime between January 2012 and January 2014. However, the Flemish Anti-Cancer League
asked Belgium's constitutional court to strike them down. The court decided to lift the exemptions,
but gave establishments until June 2012 to adapt to a total smoking prohibition. The judges ruled
that the government failed to prove that pubs would be harmed by a smoking ban, saying drawing
distinctions between establishments was actually harmful to competition. The court also stated
the protection of the health of employees, and non-smokers should apply to casinos even though
they serve a "specific" clientele. Smokers will still find a corner to light up: Special smoking rooms
equipped with air vents in restaurants, and in other public buildings are permitted, since smokers
are not supposed to use them, the judges said.

Source: AFP March 16, 2011


ベルギーでレストランを全面禁煙に

ベルギーではレストラン、食事のできるカフェでは全面禁煙となっていたが、最高裁判所は2011年3月、
今まで除外されていた食事を提供していないカフェ、およびカジノでの喫煙を2012年7月から全面禁煙と
する決定を行った。職場で働く者やタバコを吸わない人々の健康を守るためとしている。


/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////


Rail Trip to Brussels in 2011
Paris-Nord, France - Brussels Midi, Belgium

(L) Departure board of the Gare du Nord (R) Thalys train waiting for departure at the Gare du Nord

(L) Departure sign board shows the destination of Brussels Midi (M) Breakfast served in the first-class passengers
(R) A wide-range Comfort 1 seat in the train of Thalys

Bruxelles-Midi, Brussel-Zuid, Brussels South is the biggest railway station in Brussels, capital of Belgium.
(L) A Thalys train bound for Paris-Nord shares the platform with a TGV train bound for Nice
via the CDG Airport and Lyon at Brussels South station.
(R) French sign board of ' Gare du Midi'

Main concourse of Midi Station Brussels

Main concourse of Midi Station Brussels

(L) Toll toilet at the Midi Station Brussels
(R) A half Euro is needed to use the facilities.

(L) Smokers at the entrance of Midi Station Brussels
(R) Cigarette shop at the Midi Station
The price of cigarette is 4.00 Euros to 5.85 Euro for Winston's cigarette, 4.30 Euros to 6.30 Euros for Camel's cigarette.

Automated ticket bending machine for the metro trip

Metro Brussels-South, Midi station and track lines

Metro Midi station and the interior of the subway train

The Brussels Metro has 49.9 km of seven-line network and 68 stations.
(L) Metro Midi station (R) Metro station near Brussels stock exchange

Brussels Historic Center and nonsmoking sign plate in a restaurant

A restaurant and chocolate shop in Brussels

A waffle shop and mini-shops for Christmas

(L) Royal Galeries of Saint-Hubert, Brussels, the famous 19th century shopping arcades
(R) Maneeken Pis is a well-known public sculpture in Brussels
小便小僧

(L) Cathedral of Saints Michael and Guadule (R) Royal Palace Brussels

(L) Rue de la regence (R) Shops near Brussels stock exchange

(L) Christmas street-stalls near Brussels stock exchange (R) A white bear window display at a chocolate shop, Brussels

(L) A station bulletin board showing the Thalys train to Paris-Nord is delayed 11 minutes
(R) An evening meal served to the first-class passengers to Paris.


ベルギーでレストランを全面禁煙
2011年12月執筆 禁煙席ネット主宰 医学博士  宮本順伯
「禁煙席ネット」へのリンクは自由
The article was written by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD, in December 2011.
The photographs were taken by a staff member of 'SmokefreeTokyo' in November 2011.





Paris railway terminal stations
Paris 2011



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