(L) Children are playing in the north shore beach of the Kauai Island,
(R) The Central Park, Manhattan, New York serves as an oasis for visitors.
Smoking in parks, on beaches and street should be banned.
The ministers announced that displays of cigarettes and other tobacco products
will have to be removed at the point
of sale, which means they will have to be sold from 'under the counter'.
Further restrictions will also be introduced
to ensure children cannot buy cigarettes from vending machines, through
the use of tokens, electronic ID cards or
remote control activation of the machines by the shopkeeper or landlord.
The bans on smoking in enclosed public places came into effect in England
in July 2007 after similar moves in the rest
of the UK and certain outdoor spaces like railway platforms and health
service building grounds also prohibit smoking
outside. George Tomson and colleagues at the University of Otago, in Wellington,
New Zealand said: "The central
argument is that outdoor bans will reduce smoking being modeled to children
as normal behavior and thus cut the
uptake of smoking. The outdoor smoke-free policies may, in some circumstances,
such as crowded locations like
sports stadiums, reduce the health effects of secondhand smoke. It will
reduce fires and litter; and are likely to help
smokers' attempts at quitting.
Mr. Thomson and his colleagues said research has shown the British public
favor greater restrictions on outdoor
smoking where there are children. Simon Chapman, professor of public health
at the University of Sydney, Australia
argued against the idea. He said: "The ethics here are about respect
for the autonomy of individuals to act freely,
providing their actions do not harm others.
Source: Rebecca Smith, Telegraph.co.uk, December 11, 2008.
Pedestrians are smoking while walking in Manhattan, New York, and in Kona,
Big Island, Hawaii.
New York smoking ban may be taken outside.
Smokers in the land of the free are finding themselves increasingly less
free to pursue their habit. New York City
officials are the latest to consider banning smoking in their parks and
outside space. Cigarette makers Phillip Morris
USA did not like the idea at all. "We believe that smoking should
be permitted outdoors except in very particular
circumstances, such as outdoor areas primarily designated for children,"
a company spokesman said. Such bans
to remain rare but are increasing, with California in the vanguard. State
legislators there have prohibited smoking
in all state parks and on parts of beaches, two years after Los Angeles
extended its existing ban on playgrounds
and beaches to parks.
Chicago still allows smoking in many of its parks, but bans it at beaches
and playgrounds. New York banned smoking
in most restaurants in 1995, followed by prohibition in workplaces and
indoor public places in 2003, three years
before bans came into force in Scotland and four years before they were
introduced in England and Wales. The
Department of Health in England said today it had no plans to extend smokefree
areas, saying such moves were
up to local authorities.
Source: Guardian.co.uk. September 15, 2009.
New York City outdoor smoking ban begins.
Smokers in New York City will not be able to put the light on without paying a
price in most public places after an
outdoor citywide smoking ban took effect in May 2011. The law, which Mayor
Michael Bloomberg signed in February
after it was passed by the New York City Council, will make smoking illegal
in New York City's 1,700 parks and on
the city's 14 miles of public beaches. Smoking will also be prohibited
in pedestrian plazas like Times Square.
New York passed its first 'Smoke Free Air Act' in 1988, when smoking was
banned in public restrooms and taxicabs.
Since then, the law has been amended three times, most notably in 2002,
when smoking in some indoor areas,
including restaurants and bars, was banned.Reference :CNN News, May 23, 2011
Information board notifying the smoking restriction on the street in the
which calls itself Chiyoda City, and its name came from Chiyoda castle
of the Imperial Palace.
Smoking on roads enhances the risk to a pedestrian.
Smoking has been banned on the streets of Tokyo's Chiyoda Ward since October
2002. The streets in the Chiyoda
ward are patrolled by Inspectors in a yellow jacket, and when they find
a smoker, fine \2000 for violations. The total
amount of fine collected by the ward in the past 6 years reached to the
amount of 94 million yen. Sixty municipalities,
whose residents comprise 10% of Japan's population, have regulations to
ban or discourage smoking on the street.
However, only three municipalities assess fines for violations.
Inspectors handed out $20 tickets to smokers on downtown sidewalks of Chiyoda
Smoking in the street is very dangerous because the burning end of tobacco
is often at the children's eye level.
Source: NHK broadcast.
Women in Tokyo residential area complaint about smokers that they make
air dirty and throw away
cigarette end everywhere. Anger is not the word. We see smokers with utmost
No cigarette butts, no trashes on the sidewalk of Chiyoda City, by beside
of Emperial Palace.
Photographed in December 2009.
Smoking Regulations in Japan is reverse to the world.
Tobacco Industry is using Aggressive Street and Sidewalk-Smoking Bans
to Prevent Indoor Smoking Bans, including those in Bars and Restaurants.
An enlightening article by Dr. Simon Chapman in the current issue of
Tobacco Control presents the surprising news that Japan Tobacco Inc. is
supporting strict and aggressive street smoking bans in Japan,
in order to foil to prevent clean indoor air policy?
At the first blush, it might seem to shock that a tobacco company would
support such draconian smoking bans.
However, on closer examination, it turns out that the tobacco industry's
support for these measures in Japan is
actually a foil as Chapman calls it - an attempt to re-frame the issue
so that attention is diverted from efforts to
ban smoking indoors: in workplaces, includingbars and restaurants.
As the article explains: "Senior Japan Tobacco representatives have
been enthusiastic supporters of the street
smoking bans, while maintaining staunch opposition to indoor smoking bans.
Dr Yumiko Mochizuki of National
Cancer Center Reseach Institute of Japan suggests that the intense support
of the policy by the company may
suggest it sees the street ban as an important foil to hold off indoor
bans. Because of the smaller number of
cumulative "smoking hours" available, the numberof cigarettes
forgone, because of that street smoking bans,
would be incomparably smaller than would be caused by indoor workplace
bans, including those in bars and
By supporting street bans, Japan Tobacco would calculate that it could
ride the popular wave of Japanese anti-litter
sentiment, basking in civic-minded corporate social responsibility. In
doing so, it helps contribute to the continuing
framing of public smoking as an issue of manners and consideration, cleanliness
and safety, while its role in chronic
disease is sidelined. Mochizuki argues that Japanese model may well be
being promoted as the way to go elsewhere
in the often crowded cities of Asia."
This story should give anti-tobacco advocates in the U.S. some pause. I
have argued that the ever-increasingly
aggressive attempts to ban smoking almost everywhere - including the wide-open
outdoors - is going to harm our
efforts to ban smoking in workplaces where people actually need the protection.
For one thing, it diverts attention
from chronic exposure to secondhand smoke and puts the sole focus on acute,
even fleeting exposures. Second,
it casts us as anti-smoking zealots who are trying to eliminate all public
smoking. Third, it takes us away from a
strong scientific base. Fourth, it risks losing our credibility by asking
the public to accept increasingly hysterical claims.
When you see tobacco companies starting to support a policy, you better
seriously reexamine your support for those
policies. If the tobacco industry truly felt that street smoking bans would
enhance the overall goal of protecting people
from secondhand smoke, it would certainly not support these measures. Perhaps
the industry is banking on a backlash
and/or on a diversion of attention.
My own prediction is that the movement's new obsession with trying to extend
smoking bans to the outdoors, including
parks, streets, and sidewalks is going to backfire by diverting attention
away from the need for bans on smoking in
the workplace and from the effort to extend protection to all workers in
bars, restaurants, and casinos. That's where
our attention should be not on trying to protect fleeting exposure from
any whiff of smoke in a public park, street, or
Dr. Chapman* is the Professor of University of Sydney, School of Public
Health. His commentary helps to elucidate
why my opinion-editorial in the New York Daily News was so important. Exaggerated
health claims and the support
of draconian policies that are not based on scientific evidence are hurting,
not helping the smoke-free cause.
Dr. Chapman gave us a special guest speech at the Annual Meeting of Japan
Society for tobacco Control
held in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan, in September 2009.
This shows an advertisement displayed attached to the wall of the platform
st Tameike-Sanno subway station,
very closed to the prime minister's official residence.
It says Japan Tobacco Inc. will make an effort to create a comfortable
society for smokers and non-smokers.
Three important items: keep smoking manner, do social activity to clean
a street and supporting creating of
a separate indoor smoking room.
Tobacco industry promotes to establish a separate smoking room in a restaurant
and pub for smokers,
trying to control the mind of all Japanese people by a repeated TV commercial.
執筆 禁煙席ネット主宰 医学博士 宮本順伯
★This Web site is link-free.
The article was written in November 2008, and revised in December 2009,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.