(L) Children are playing in the north shore beach of the Kauai Island,
(R) The Central Park, Manhattan, New York serves as an oasis for visitors.
Smoking in parks, on beaches and street should be banned.
The ministers announced that displays of cigarettes and other tobacco products
will have to
be removed at the point of sale, which means they will have to be sold
from 'under the counter'.
Further restrictions will also be introduced to ensure children cannot
buy cigarettes from
vending machines, through the use of tokens, electronic ID cards or remote
of the machines by the shopkeeper or landlord.
The bans on smoking in enclosed public places came into effect in England
in July 2007 after
similar moves in the rest of the UK and certain outdoor spaces like railway
health service building grounds also prohibit smoking outside. George Tomson
at the University of Otago, in Wellington, New Zealand said: "The
central argument is that
outdoor bans will reduce smoking being modeled to children as normal behavior
cut the uptake of smoking. The outdoor smoke-free policies may, in some
such as crowded locations like sports stadiums, reduce the health effects
of secondhand smoke.
It will reduce fires and litter; and are likely to help smokers' attempts
Mr. Thomson and his colleagues said research has shown the British public
restrictions on outdoor smoking where there are children. Simon Chapman,
public health at the University of Sydney, Australia argued against the
idea. He said:
"The ethics here are about respect for the autonomy of individuals
to act freely, providing
their actions do not harm others.
Source: Rebecca Smith, Telegraph.co.uk, December 11, 2008.
Pedestrians are smoking while walking in Manhattan, New York, and in Kona,
Big Island, Hawaii.
New York smoking ban may be taken outside.
Smokers in the land of the free are finding themselves increasingly less
free to pursue
their habit. New York City officials are the latest to consider banning
smoking in their
parks and outside space. Cigarette makers Phillip Morris USA did not like
the idea at all.
"We believe that smoking should be permitted outdoors except in very
circumstances, such as outdoor areas primarily designated for children,"
spokesman said. Such bans to remain rare but are increasing, with California
in the vanguard.
State legislators there have prohibited smoking in all state parks and
on parts of beaches,
two years after Los Angeles extended its existing ban on playgrounds and
beaches to parks.
Chicago still allows smoking in many of its parks, but bans it at beaches
New York banned smoking in most restaurants in 1995, followed by prohibition
and indoor public places in 2003, three years before bans came into force
in Scotland and
four years before they were introduced in England and Wales. The Department
in England said today it had no plans to extend smokefree areas, saying
such moves were
up to local authorities.
Source: Guardian.co.uk. September 15, 2009.
New York City outdoor smoking ban begins.
Smokers in New York City will not be able to put the light on without paying a
price in most public
places after an outdoor citywide smoking ban took effect in May 2011. The
law, which Mayor Michael
Bloomberg signed in February after it was passed by the New York City Council,
will make smoking
illegal in New York City's 1,700 parks and on the city's 14 miles of public
beaches. Smoking will also
be prohibited in pedestrian plazas like Times Square.
New York passed its first 'Smoke Free Air Act' in 1988, when smoking was
banned in public restrooms
and taxicabs. Since then, the law has been amended three times, most notably
in 2002, when smoking
in some indoor areas, including restaurants and bars, was banned.
Reference :CNN News, May 23, 2011
Information board notifying the smoking restriction on the street in the
which calls itself Chiyoda City, and its name came from Chiyoda castle
of the Imperial Palace.
Smoking on roads enhances the risk to a pedestrian.
Smoking has been banned on the streets of Tokyo's Chiyoda Ward since October
The streets in the Chiyoda ward are patrolled by Inspectors in a yellow
jacket, and when
they find a smoker, fine \2000 for violations. The total amount of fine
collected by the ward
in the past 6 years reached to the amount of 94 million yen. Sixty municipalities,
residents comprise 10% of Japan's population, have regulations to ban or
on the street. However, only three municipalities assess fines for violations.
Inspectors handed out $20 tickets to smokers on downtown sidewalks of Chiyoda Ward, Tokyo.
Smoking in the street is very dangerous because the burning end of tobacco
is often at the children's eye level.
Source: NHK broadcast.
Women in Tokyo residential area complaint about smokers that they make
air dirty and throw away
cigarette end everywhere. Anger is not the word. We see smokers with utmost
No cigarette butts, no trashes on the sidewalk of Chiyoda City, by beside
of Emperial Palace.
Photographed in December 2009.
Smoking Regulations in Japan is reverse to the world.
Tobacco Industry is using Aggressive Street and Sidewalk-Smoking Bans
to Prevent Indoor Smoking Bans, including those in Bars and Restaurants.
An enlightening article by Dr. Simon Chapman in the current issue of
Tobacco Control presents the surprising news that Japan Tobacco Inc. is
supporting strict and aggressive street smoking bans in Japan,
in order to foil to prevent clean indoor air policy?
At the first blush, it might seem to shock that a tobacco company would
support such draconian
smoking bans. However, on closer examination, it turns out that the tobacco
industry's support for
these measures in Japan is actually a foil as Chapman calls it - an attempt
to re-frame the
issue so that attention is diverted from efforts to ban smoking indoors:
in workplaces, including
bars and restaurants.
As the article explains: "Senior Japan Tobacco representatives have
been enthusiastic supporters
of the street smoking bans, while maintaining staunch opposition to indoor
smoking bans. Dr Yumiko
Mochizuki of National Cancer Center Reseach Institute of Japan suggests
that the intense support
of the policy by the company may suggest it sees the street ban as an important
foil to hold off
indoor bans. Because of the smaller number of cumulative "smoking
hours" available, the number
of cigarettes forgone, because of that street smoking bans, would be incomparably
would be caused by indoor workplace bans, including those in bars and restaurants.
By supporting street bans, Japan Tobacco would calculate that it could
ride the popular wave
of Japanese anti-litter sentiment, basking in civic-minded corporate social
responsibility. In doing
so, it helps contribute to the continuing framing of public smoking as
an issue of manners and
consideration, cleanliness and safety, while its role in chronic disease
is sidelined. Mochizuki argues
that Japanese model may well be being promoted as the way to go elsewhere
in the often crowded
cities of Asia."
This story should give anti-tobacco advocates in the U.S. some pause. I
have argued that the
ever-increasingly aggressive attempts to ban smoking almost everywhere
- including the wide-
open outdoors - is going to harm our efforts to ban smoking in workplaces
where people actually
need the protection. For one thing, it diverts attention from chronic exposure
smoke and puts the sole focus on acute, even fleeting exposures. Second,
it casts us as
anti-smoking zealots who are trying to eliminate all public smoking. Third,
it takes us away from
a strong scientific base. Fourth, it risks losing our credibility by asking
the public to accept
increasingly hysterical claims.
When you see tobacco companies starting to support a policy, you better
reexamine your support for those policies. If the tobacco industry truly
felt that street smoking
bans would enhance the overall goal of protecting people from secondhand
smoke, it would
certainly not support these measures. Perhaps the industry is banking on
a backlash and/or
on a diversion of attention.
My own prediction is that the movement's new obsession with trying to extend
to the outdoors, including parks, streets, and sidewalks is going to backfire
attention away from the need for bans on smoking in the workplace and from
the effort to
extend protection to all workers in bars, restaurants, and casinos. That's
where our attention
should be not on trying to protect fleeting exposure from any whiff of
smoke in a public park,
street, or sidewalk.
Dr. Chapman* is the Professor of University of Sydney, School of Public
commentary helps to elucidate why my opinion-editorial in the New York
Daily News was so
important. Exaggerated health claims and the support of draconian policies
that are not
based on scientific evidence are hurting, not helping the smoke-free cause.
Dr. Chapman gave us a special guest speech at the Annual Meeting of Japan
Society for tobacco Control
held in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan, in September 2009.
This shows an advertisement displayed attached to the wall of the platform
st Tameike-Sanno subway station,
very closed to the prime minister's official residence.
It says Japan Tobacco Inc. will make an effort to create a comfortable
society for smokers and non-smokers.
Three important items: keep smoking manner, do social activity to clean
a street and supporting creating of
a separate indoor smoking room.
Tobacco industry promotes to establish a separate smoking room in a restaurant
and pub for smokers,
trying to control the mind of all Japanese people by a repeated TV commercial.
執筆 禁煙席ネット主宰 医学博士 宮本順伯
★★This Web site is link-free.
The article was written in November 2008, and revised in December 2009,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.