Spain 
A total smoking ban in Spain 2011



Spain poised for tough no-smoking law.

Spain, a country famed for its smoke-filled bars, cafes and restaurants, is poised to enact a tough
new anti-smoking law, eliminating its status as Western Europe's last country where lighting up
in indoor public places is allowed.

The bill passed by the parliamentary commission calls for transforming all bars and restaurants into
no-smoking zones, bringing Spain in line with the European Union's strictest anti-smoking nations
and many U.S. states that bar smoking in enclosed public places. It's expected to pass the Senate
and become law on January 2011.

The law also will make Spain a tougher place to smoke than many other European countries where
bars and restaurants are still allowed to have smoking sections, and will prohibit smoking in outdoor
places such as play grounds and the grounds of schools and hospitals. The current law put in place
in 2006 prohibits smoking in the workplace, and workers puffing away just outsidetheir office
buildings are a common sight. However, that law aimed at cracking down on smoking permitted
owners of most bars and cafes to decide on their own whether to allow smoking - and almost all
ended up doing so, leading critics to label the earlier law a total failure. Those bar and cafe owners
will lose the privilege, and arger restaurants that still have the smoking sections will have to get rid
of them.

Officials predict thousands of lives now lost to secondhand smoke will be saved. Bar and restaurant
owners hope to win an exception in the law allowing them to construct hermetically sealed smoking
sections, but the parliamentary commission voted down that option. Hotels will be allowed to set
aside 30 per cent of rooms for smokers. The bill endorsed by Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez
Zapatero and his governing Socialist Party next goes for debate in the senate where it is likely to be
approved quickly or sent back with minor changes for approval in the lower house.

It expects to lose business?

A man, who owns a small bar and smokes himself, expects to lose business because so many of his
regulars come every day for beers and Spanish tapas, and then automatically light up, often passing
away hours drinking and smoking with their friends. He said many others also fear Spain could lose
crucial tourism revenue because it's among the last European nations where travelers are free to
smoke in eateries.

Spain's main restaurant and bar federation predicted the law will lead to 145,000 lost jobsand a
10 per cent decline in revenue for the sector, but the health ministry said similar laws put in place
in recent years in nations ranging from Britain to France and Italy did not hurt business badly.

Health Minister Trinidad Jimenez noted that smokers will still be allowed to smoke on the open-air
terraces of bars, and many Spanish bars have them, often setting up tables and chairs on the
sidewalk. Other exceptions were provided for jails, psychiatric institutions and retirement homes.
A nonsmoker welcomed the law, saying he'll finally be able to breathe cleanly when he goes out for
a coffee or a beer. And the bars themselve will be cleaner, because most Spanish bars let the smokers
to put their stubbed butts out on the floor.

Spain's National Committee for the Prevention of Smoking says up to 1,000 Spanish bar waiters die
yearly from lung cancer, mainly from breathing in so much secondhand smoke. Many more lives
would be saved eventually in Spain by making it more difficult for smokers to puff away almost any-
where, said Dr. Jose Carreras who heads the anti-smoking unit at Madrid's Hospital Carlos III.
He said. "This means that in 20-year time,there will be a decrease in deaths due to smoking-related
diseases.

Source: The Associate Press October 20, 2010


Source: Spain TVE.: NHK TV, October 20, 2010

Spain's lawmakers voted for tough smoking ban.

The new law tightens restrictions introduced in 2006 by forbidding smoking in any enclosed public space
Spanish lawmakers have voted to approve a tough anti-smoking law, meaning that from January, bars
and restaurants will be no-smoking zones. Smokers will also not be allowed to light up on television broad-
casts, near hospitals or in the school playgrounds. Thebill, was passed in the lower house by 189 votes to
154. Bar and cafe owners fear the law will adversely affect business.

Bar complaints Spain was once famed for its smoke-filled bars, corner cafes and restaurants, but the new
law tightens restrictions introduced in 2006 by forbidding smoking in any enclosed public space. Tuesday's
vote rejected a Senate amendment to allow casinos to have smoking areas. Moves to allow bars to build
sealed cubicles for smokers also failed. While the 2006 anti-smoking law prohibited smoking in the work-
place, it came under fire for letting bar and restaurant owners choose whether or not to allow smoking.
Source: BBC News 22 December 2010

Spain Introduces Tough New Smoking Ban

Spain has introduced one of Europe's toughest smoking bans that even prohibits lighting up in open spaces
like children's playgrounds and outside hospitals. Fines for breaking the ban, which took effect in January
2010, range from 30 euros to 600,000 euros. Aside from playgrounds and access points to schools and
hospitals, smoking is also banned in bars, restaurants, disco, casinos and airports. However, hotels are
allowed to reserve 30% of their rooms for smokers. Spain's Health Minister Leire Pajin previously said:
"We should remember that more than 70% of Spain's population are non-smokers. "So it is logical to think
they will be more comfortable in bars when there is no tobacco smoke in them." Fears are mounting that
the ban at bars will cost jobs The Spanish Federation of Hostelry estimates the ban could lead to the loss
of up to 350,000 jobs, as many Spaniards will stay at home rather than go without a cigarette at bars.

At the same time, the government, struggling to pay off a huge deficit during an economic slowdown,
seems to be hoping the ban will not stop too many Spaniards from smoking. Last month, among a battery
of austerity measures, it announced a rise in tobacco tax which it hopes will bring in an extra 780 million
euros a year. Until now, bar owners could decide whether to allow smoking, depending on the size of their
premises, while larger bars and restaurants had to have a designated smoking area. Similar legislation in
Ireland has had a limited economic effect. By 2012, all the 27 EU member states should have banned
smoking in enclosed zones.
Source: Sky News Online, UK, January 02, 2011

A tough new anti-smoking law has taken effect in Spain.

A man removes a sign saying that smoking is allowed in a bar in Pamploma, Spain, 2 January 2011
Photo source: AP

Spain has a strong cafe culture, and the owners of bars and cafes have complained the law will hurt
business. Hotel, restaurant and bar owners have said they could face a 10% drop in trade with the new
rules. The industry has already seen a sharp fall in sales due to Spain's economic problems. However,
doctors argue the new legislation will help smokers give up. Some 50,000 Spaniards a year died from
smoking-related illnesses, according to figures from the Spanish health ministry, which estimates that
"between three and nine" people a day died because of passive smoking.
BBC News Europe January 02, 2011

Spain has introduced one of Europe's toughest smoking bans.

Aside from playgrounds and access points to schools and hospitals, smoking is also banned in bars,
restaurants, discotheques, casinos and airports. However, hotels are allowed to reserve 30% of their
rooms for smokers.

Spain's Health Minister Leire Pajin previously said: "We should remember that more than 70% of
Spain's population are non-smokers So it is logical to think they will be more comfortable in bars when
there is no tobacco smoke in them."

Fears are mounting that the ban at bars will cost jobs. The Spanish Federation of Hostelry estimates
the ban could lead to the loss of up to 350,000 jobs, as many Spaniards will stay at home rather than
go without a cigarette at bars.At the same time, the government, struggling to pay off a huge deficit
during an economic slowdown, seems to be hoping the ban will not stop too many Spaniards from
smoking. It announced that a rise in tobacco tax which it hopes will bring in extra 780 million euros
per annum.

By 2012, all the 27 EU member states should have banned smoking in enclosed zones.
Source: Sky News Online January 02, 2011

Spain's toughest smoking bans did not cause reductions in households’ expenditures.

In January 2011, Spain modified clean air legislation in force, removing all existing exceptions
applicable to hospitality venues. Although this legal reform was backed by all political parties with
parliamentary representation, the government initiative was contested by the tobacco industry and
its allies in the hospitality industry. One of the most voiced arguments against the reform was its
potentially disruptive effect on the revenue of hospitality venues.

The researchers use household expenditure micro-data for years 2006 to 2012 to estimate models
for the probability of observing expenditures and the expected level of expenditure. They apply a
before-after analysis with a wide range of controls for confounding factors and a flexible modeling
of time effects in order to identify the effects of the reform.

Our results suggest that the reform caused a 2% reduction in the proportion of households-
containing smokers but did not cause reductions in household's expenditures on restaurantservices
or on bars and cafeteria services.
Source: Jaume Garcia Villar, PhD London School of Economics 2014
Forthcoming in European Journal of Health Economics.

H
Smoking Restriction at Hotels in the World: Actual Survey
The ratio of a non-smoking guest room to the total hotel rooms was calculated,
based on-the-spot investigation.

Japan high speed railways Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Tokyo
 Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels in Korea
 Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Macau
Thailand Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Bangkok
Hong Kong Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Hong Kong
Canada smoking ban Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Vancouver
United States Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Seattle
United States Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at San Francisco
 Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Shanghai
 Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Nice


 Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels in Austria
 Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels in Germany
 Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels in Switzerland

Total smoking Ban in hotels at Moscow, Russia
Total smoking Ban in hotels at Saint Pertersburg, Russia

Smoke-free hotels in Japan
Smoke-free hotels in Tokyo
Smoke-free hotels in Kyoto and Nara, Japan

.

Spain 2006-2011
Madrid tour Segovia High-speed train in Spain Barcelona metro and railway Gaudi's masterpiece
Barcelona tour Smoking ban in Spain in 2010  Spain poised for tough no-smoking law.




スペインでは2006年に成立した法案で飲食店等の規模別規制と分煙を取り入れたが、近年、バーなどでの喫煙行為が
広がり、レストランでは禁煙でないところも出現していた。この混乱した状況を筆者は、2010年に現地で確認している。

スペイン議会では屋内全面禁煙に対し各党の合意が得られたことにより、2011年1月から全面禁煙法を実施した。
新しい法律では今まで認めてきた「分煙」を一切認めず、正式に間違いであったと認めた。今後、屋内での喫煙は全く
不可能となる。先進諸国でも設定されているホテルの喫煙客室は上限30%の範囲で許可し、喫煙する観光客に対応する。

 TVEニュースでは、新しい法令は「明確で、分かりやすい」ので適応に際しての抜け道がなくなるとの談話を
放送している。一部の業界からの反発はあるが、それに対し国民の支持は得られていな
い。



スペインで2011年から全面禁煙実施
執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
This information was provided by the Smokefree Hotel and Travel.
This information was provided by the Smokefree Hotel and Travel.
The article was written in June 2010, and last revised in October 2014,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.

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