english index tobacco control English Index



India's indoor smoking bans



Tokyo to New Dehli


Nine and a half hours freight from Tokyo to Dehli


India introduced a public smoking ban.

India's smokers were today encouraged to stub out their cigarettes as the world's biggest public smoking ban
came into effect. Smoking kills the estimated one million people every year. The Indian government decided
to take action to enforce a smoking ban, to clamp down on a habit. The penalty is a fine of 200 rupees,
that is more than the average person's daily wage.

However, Reuter disclosed in May 2013, that smokers ignore India's public smoking ban
with a photography of smoking inside of a train.
It is known that the
smoking restriction in India is incomplete with a low enforcement.


All air passengers have to see the sign board of 'No Amoking' on landing to the New Dehli International Airport.

'Welcome' and 'No smoking Area' statement at the New Dehli International Airport


India smoking ban India 2008


New Dehli International Airport is smoke-free. However, there is a smoking lounge inside the security hold area
and smoking is also allowed in business lounges.



(L) Bus stop with a shelter (R) 'No smoking Area' sign board at a bus stop



India is the third largest market for cigarettes, with up to 250 million smokers, and opposition to the ban is fierce.
India's major cigarette manufacturer, ITC Ltd, will go to the supreme court in November seeking to overturn
the legislation. The reason for their anguish is simple: India has been sited that the country where sales of tobacco
products have increased. It is estimated that 102 billion cigarettes are sold every year. Dr. Ramadoss, the Minister
of Health and Family Welfare in India, who also campaigns against alcohol, drugs and fast food, remains unrepentant.
The government says that a fifth of all deaths in India is smoking-related.

Source: 2 October 2008, The Independent


A stall sells cigarettes and Pan Bahar, near the New Dehli railway station.

Chewing tobacco

This drive-in store sells cigarettes (Malboro, Seven Stars, Camel, etc.)
The price is Rs. 150 per package
No smoking sign in casher at the cafeteria

(L) A tobacco shop sells cigarettes and Pan Bahar, near the Chandni Chowk Metro station.
(R) A local heath station campaigning ' no smoking' and 'breast examination'

Tobacco display at the New Dehli International Airport
The price is $ 17.00 per carton.
All tobacco packages are placed the front side out, hiding a health warning observed on the back side.


International comparison of cigarette prices and taxes


インド喫煙規制見聞記

インド政府は2008年10月に職場に於ける全面禁煙を実施した。また屋内に喫煙室を設けることを禁止した。
今回の調査でもホテル、飲食店での喫煙ブースを見なかった。ただ、タージマハルのあるアグラ市内の
いかがわしい絨毯ショップでは灰皿が置いてあり、「ここで吸っていいか」と聞いたところ、OKとの返事が
返ってきた。違法であると思うが明らかではない。またニューデリ国際空港で、ビジネスクラスのラウンジに
喫煙室を設けているようだが、確認できなかった。

禁煙標識は非常に少なく、公共交通機関を含め、ホテルの喫煙客室を除いて、室内は全面禁煙であるとの意識が
浸透しているように思えた。路上喫煙しているものは極めて少なく、ニューデリのような巨大都市でも一日に
2,3人しかいなかった。インドでは生活水準の比しタバコの値段が高く、たとえローカルな格安タバコでも
負担になるのであろう。マルボロ一箱の市場価格は100ルピー、外国人旅行客の店では150ルピーで売っている。
インド最大手のタバコ会社は人気ブランド、「ゴールド・フレーク・キングス」の価格を、2010年2月に
47ルピーに引き上げた。

インドでは噛みタバコの一種にパーン( Pan Bahar )と呼ばれるものがあり、安価なので愛好者は多い。
種々の香辛料を混ぜ合わせ味付けによって多様な包装で販売している。最近では発癌性が取りざたされ、
吐き捨てる行為が後を絶たないのでムンバイでは、そうした行為を禁止した。



India
India 2008 Smoking ban in India India's hotels Dehli temples Dehli Metro Indian railways
New Dehli Agra Taj Mahal Cheating in India Security in India India 2010



屋内全面禁煙を定めたインド、その取り組みを検証する旅
2010年3月執筆  2013年6月加筆
「禁煙席ネット」主宰 日本タバコフリー学会顧問 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
The article was written and photographs were taken by Dr. J. miyamoto, in March 2010.
An information was added in June 2013.



Hotels in New Dehli and Agra, India



Special Note:
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
 Domestic travel in Japan
 Smoke-free should be the minimum standard for the host city in the Olympic.
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.


www. smokefree.jpn.com

COPYRIGHT(C)2006-2019 JUNHAKU MIYAMOTO, M.D. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
The way to contact to the writter
Smoke-free rental condominium in Tokyo (PR)
Junhaku Miyamoto: profile



Smoke-free Hotel and Travel

受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  鉄道車内完全禁煙レンタカー レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 空港 公共空間 喫煙規制
Restaurant hotel railway rent-a-car travel airport tobacco smoking ban