english index tobacco control English Index  english index tobacco control 日本語検索


 Spain
A trip to inspect the smoking ban in Spain 2010



Incomplete Smoking Restriction in Spain

In January 2006, Spanish law banned smoking in offices, shops, schools, hospitals, cultural centres
and on public transport, including stations and airports. The law also stated that restaurants and
bars over 100 square M can designate a smoking area, but that it has to be physically separated and
may occupy at most 30% of the total floor space of the establishment. Establishments smaller
than 100 sq.m. could choose whether to allow or to prohibit smoking.

However, soon later, the Community of Madrid established an illegal decree which states that
restaurants over 100 square M are not required to make the complete physical separation of
the smoking and non-smoking areas. In January 2009, the High Court in Madrid overturned
this decree. Even though, the regional government presided by the conservative politician, E Aguirre,
had not yet taken measures to enforce the law. The Spanish non-smoking party, PNF announced
that the Madrid region has failed to implement a satisfactory regime of inspections and the vast
majority of bars and restaurants flout the law. The PNF has so far reported more than 2.500 bars
and restaurants for failing to comply with the law.

Source: Wikipedia

A sign plate shows a fine of 40 and 30.05 Euros for traveling without a valid ticket and smoking inside trains, respectively.
This photograph was taken at a Barocelona subway train in May 2010.
 
(L)(M) A sign board shows that no-more-smoking beyond this point, at a Barcelona subway station and at Funicular de Montjuic station.
(R) A standard sign plate in Metro station at Barcelona

(L) A ticket bending machine and ticket office at the Barcelona Sants Railway station
(R) No-smoking sign board at Paral-lel station, Barcelona

(L) Many people are always smoking near the entrance to the Barcelona Sants railway station.
(R) No-smoking sign displayed in the corridor between Renfe Aeroport railway station and Bercelona airport terminals.

Barcelona international airport and no-smoking sign at the entrance door

(L) A Cornella Renfe railway station, Barcelona
(R) A small station cafe attached to the railway station. No-smoking sign is displayed at the entrance.

(L) An automatic bending machine for tobacco sale placed in the station cafe at Cornella, Barcelona.
(M) An ashtray is provided on each table
(R) Two are smoking under the stairway to the subway station at Cornella Centre.

(L) No-smoking sign plate attached near the train window of Renfe, between downtown and airport of Barcelona.
(M) An automatic bending machine for tobacco sale in the cafe-bar of Segovia, Spain
(R) This restaurant-bar in Barcelona provides a smoking space. It says that the rest of space, smoking is prohibited.

(L) The sign plate shows that smoking is allowed in this space. The sign next may be the meaning of that, please shut the door.
Photographed in Barcelona.
(R) A bus driver was smoking while waiting for the time of departure.

(L) A client is smoking in a cafe/bar at town of Segovia, Spain (R) An automatic bending machine for a tobacco, photographed at Segovia

A Renfe reservation ticket issued in May 2010. Please note that there is two 'smoking-seat' sign on the ticket.
The writer strongly protested against the smoking train mark. However, it became clear that the railway company had not changed PC software
after the law of smoking ban on all Spanish trains came into in force in January 2006!

The photographs show the Hospital de Barcelona and an ashtray stand near by the hospital entrance.
No smoking restriction is enforced there.


(L) A cigar shop in Barcelona (M)(R) A display-stand for cigarettes and tobacco products
The price of 20 Malboro cigarette is 3.60, Winston 3.15, and Camel 3.30 Euros.

'Al Capone' sweet filter cognac dipped, pack of 10 cigarettes, sold in Spain
Health warning: (L) Protect children. Do not children breathe tobacco-smoke (R) Smoking can kill the human.

(L) Hotel Jardin de Recoletos, Madrid (M) Westin Palace Madrid (R) Hilton Madrid Airport

(L) Barcelo Hotel Sants hotel and Barcelona Sants railway station (R) Hotel Torre Catalunya, Barcelona



Smoking-room ratio in hotels in Spain

Madrid

Hilton Madrid Airport Hotel has 284 total guest rooms. Of these, 49 (
17%) are smoking rooms.
All bars and restaurants are smoke-free.
The total number of guest rooms of Westin Palace Madrid is 468. There are 58 (
12%) smoking
guest rooms. No smoking booth is inside. Bars and restaurants are smoke-free.
Hotel Ritz Madrid has total 170 guest rooms. Of these, about 60% are non-smoking, versus,
40% are smoking guest rooms. The hotel did not disclose the exact number of smoking rooms.
The restaurants of Ritz prohibit smoking, but in bars, smoking is allowed.
Hotel Jardin de Recoletos, Madrid provides 12 smoking rooms of 43 total rooms. The percentage
is
28%. Here, smoking allowed in the bar. In the restaurant, smoking is prohibited in breakfast.
However, it is allowed in lunch and evening meal hours.

Barcelona

Barcelo Sants, Barcelona has total guest rooms of 377. The number of smoking rooms is 108
(29%).
Bars and restaurants in this hotel are smoke-free.
Hotel Torre Catalunya located in front of the Barcelona Sants station, provides smoking guest
rooms are 41(
15%), of the total 272 rooms. Smoking is banned in a hotel restaurant and bar.
Husa Oriente known as one of the classic hotels in Barcelona has total 147 guest rooms/
all are
smoke-free
. The only place to smoke inside is the bar.
Hilton Barcelona Hotel has a total of 289 guest rooms. Smoking rooms are located on the second
floor of the building and 44
(15%) in a number. A lady who showed me a hotel facility told me
that 'all' Japanese guests requested a smoking room in Barcelona Hilton. No smoking is allowed
in restaurants and bars in Hilton.




Smokers get off sidewalks go inside Spain has enforced a total smoking ban in restaurants and bars in January 2011.
Hotels will be allowed to set aside 30 per cent of rooms for smokers.


Japan high speed railways Smoking-room ratio in hotels at Tokyo
Thailand  Smoking-room ratio in hotels at Bangkok
Hong Kong Smoking-room ratio in hotels at Hong Kong
Canada smoking ban  Smoking-room ratio in hotels at Vancouver
United States Smoking-room ratio in hotels at Seattle
United States  Smoking-room ratio in hotels at San Francisco
 Smoking-room ratio in hotels at Shanghai

 Smoking-room rate of hotels in Austria
 Smoking-room rate of hotels in Germany
Switzerland  Smoking-room rate of hotels in Switzerland

H
Smoking Restriction at Hotels in the World: Actual Survey
The ratio of a smoking guest room to the total hotel rooms was calculated,
based on-the-spot investigation.



Smoking booth and a health warning on tobacco use at the Madrid airport


(L) This photo shows the smoking room in the Terminal 1 of Madrid international airport.
Please note that there is no door in this room and toxic tobacco-smoke may flow out to the space of the airport terminal.
(R) The sign board campaigning using the smoking booth, placed in the airport corridor

(L) The car porch of the Madrid-Barajas airport (R) No-smoking sign board at the entrance to the departure terminal


Smoking restriction of the world airports



A tax-free tobacco shop in the airport

Health warning: Tobacco contains benzene( a chemical found in gasoline), nitrosamine ( carcinogenic compound ),
formaldehyde ( toxic to human health ).
Cigarette may cause sexual impotence ( due to decreased blood flow ) and can be the cause of infertility.

Health warning: Smoking kills. Do not the children to inhale a tobacco-smoke. Smoking is determined to be dangerous to your health.
All photographs were taken in May 2010.


A price of Marlboro is 3.6 Euros at a cafe/bar or at a tobacco shop in Spain.
The duty-free shop in Madrid international airport sells Marlboro to air passengers for the European Union
destinations at 41.40 Euros, and for passengers to the non-european destinations at 32.40 Euros.



 International comparison of cigarette prices and taxes


(L) The budget deficit of Spain 2009 was 1.112 hundred billion Euros, 11.2% of GDP,
and in Greece it was 323 hundred billion Euros, 13.6% of GDP.
(M) The market is suspicious about the bank asset is decreasing related to the collapsed real estate boom.
(R) Spain had its unemployment rate near 20 %, with a lot of people lost their jobs.
Source: NHK TV, June 9, 2010

To improve the present confusing status of smoking restriction in the eating business,
a new, stricter law has been already announced by the government. Smoking will be banned
in every indoor public place, including bars, clubs and restaurants before the end of 2010.
However, the Spanish financial crisis, which was generated by long term loans, can
possibly affect on the Government's enforcement of the new strict smoking ban.


スペインでは首都、マドリットでは北欧や北米に見られた喫煙スペースを排除したスモークフリーのホテルは皆無で
あった。第二の都市、バロセロナのホテルではHusa Oriente Hotel が全館禁煙であった。マドリット、バロセロナ共に、
全客室の15%程度を喫煙室と設定しているホテルが大部分であるが、高級とされるマドリットのリッツホテルでは
40%の高率で喫煙者用の部屋を用意している。しかし、2011年の法改正で喫煙客室比率を30%以下に設定変えせねば
ならなくなる。

バロセルナ・ヒルトンでは部屋などの施設を案内してくれた女性スタッフに「非喫煙客室を希望されている日本人は
初めてです」と話し笑っていた。多分、嘲笑(あざわらい)したのであろう。ホテルの性格、場所柄、若いビジネスマン
が多いことは想像できる。グアム島やハワイでは日本人のタバコ好きは有名であるが、喫煙者天国と言われることも
あるスペインでも、日本人が健康に対する危険情報を認識出来ず、タバコを手放せない人種として受け止められている
ことを知り愕然とした。

スペインでは、2006年1月より受動喫煙防止法が施行されている。航空機内、鉄道、タクシーなどは全面禁煙となって
おり厳しく守られている。マドリット国際空港ではタバコ副流煙が、そのまま拡散する開放型の喫煙室を設けており、
スペインでの受動喫煙に対する認識の低さを露呈している。飲食店では禁煙のところが多いが、喫煙を許した店舗も
あり、喫煙場所と禁煙場所が同じ部屋で、ただ換気装置を設けることで良しとしているところも少なくない。この点は
ポルトガルの場合と同じである。宿泊した市内のホテルのレストランでは朝食に時間帯は全面禁煙だが、昼と夜の
時間帯では喫煙が許されている。バーでは全室喫煙のところが多い。バロセルナの鉄道駅に併設された小さな
カフェ・バーでは駅の待合室に面した入口には禁煙標識が掲げられていたが、中にはタバコの自動販売機があり、机に
灰皿が置いてあったのでカウンターの店員に不一致な点を聞こうとした。英語は分からないようだったが、喫煙OKと
身振りで示した。建前は禁煙でも実際は喫煙していいですとの、スペインの受動喫煙法が全く機能していない状況を
うかがい知ることが出来たと思う。政府はこうした状況を大幅に改善させる、バーもその対象とした全面禁煙法案を
2011年には施行させたい意向である。しかし、スペインの失業率は20%近くまで拡大しており、財政悪化を主軸とした
経済危機はバーなどの飲食店経営をさらに困難とするだけに、全面禁煙体制を完全に履行できるかどうか注目される。



 Introduction of Spain: The first Spain's law to restrict smoking enforced in 2006.
 Spain enforced a total smoking ban in indoor public space in 2011.

Spain 2006-2011
Madrid tour Segovia High-speed train in Spain Barcelona metro and railway Gaudi's masterpiece
Barcelona tour Smoking ban in Spain in 2010


スペイン喫煙規制検証旅行
2010年6月執筆  2010年10月加筆  2010年12月加筆  2013年8月加筆
禁煙席ネット主宰 医学博士 宮本順伯 ミヤモトクリニックフォアウーメン
記事写真の無断転載禁止
「禁煙席ネット」へのリンクは自由
The article was written in June 2010, and last revised in August 2013, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.


Spain
A total smoking ban in Spain 2011



Special Note
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.
 
全室禁煙ホテル(日本全国)
 世界の鉄道車内は完全禁煙
 レストラン、カフェ、鉄道の全面禁煙はオリンピック開催の前提条件
 受動喫煙防止でWHOが各国政府に屋内全面禁煙の法制化を勧告


筆者の主張サイト
 テレビ小窓の人物表示をやめよ  朝日新聞私の視点 「受動喫煙防止法を制定せよ」   南千島、北方4島は日本固有の領土
 生活基盤と自然とを調和させた未来を  喝!日本の政治社会批判   警告 :節税賃貸住宅が乱立


www. kinenseki.net  アクセスの多いサイト一覧
COPYRIGHT(C)2006-2018 JUNHAKU MIYAMOTO, M.D. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
The way to contact to the writter  
女性専用禁煙外来
女性限定全館禁煙マンション
Junhaku Miyamoto profile



smokefree.jpn.com
受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  車内完全禁煙レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 公共空間 喫煙規制
Restaurant hotel railway rent-a-car travel airport tobacco smoking ban