Earthquake





When is the earthquake where to happen?


Source: Wikipedia 2009

A computer-calculated earthquakes through-time display by Dr. A Jones, as of June 2012


An earthquake is the perceptible shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release
of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves. Earthquakes can be violent enough to toss
people around and destroy whole cities. The seismic activity of an area refers to the frequency, type
and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time.

Japan has had a long history of earthquakes and seismic activity. It is an area of high seismicity
because of its location near three major tectonic plate boundaries, and is situated on the Pacific Ring of Fire.


This picture was taken in the morning struck after the earthquake in
1906.
It shows fire and people at Sacramento Street and Miles Place (now Miller Place) near Powell Street, by Arnold Genthe.

This picture shows the Fourth Avenue looking east from near Barrow Street. The southern edge
of one of the several landslides in Anchorage, this one covered an area of over a dozen blocks.
Most of the area was razed and made an urban renewal district.
Source: Wikipedia
This disaster occurred seven months after the writer visited here in August
1963.

 Sanfrancisco Earthquake




Japan 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes


A severely damaged Kumamoto Castle after the Kumamoto Earthquake: Source, Jiji.com

The Kumamoto Castle before and after the Earthquake: Source, Kyodo News Service

The collapsed Aso-Ohhashi bridge: The drone picture was provided by the Geograohical Survey Institute.


The 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes are a series of earthquakes, including a magnitude 7.0 main shock
which struck on April 16, 2016 beneath Kumamoto City in Kyushu, at a depth of about 10 kilometres
and a foreshock earthquake with a magnitude 6.2 on April 14, 2016, at a depth of about 11 kilometres.
The two earthquakes killed at least 48 people and injured about 3,000 others in total.

Severe damage occurred in Kumamoto and Ohita Prefectures, with numerous structures collapsing and
catching fire. More than 44,000 people have been evacuated from their homes due to the disaster.

Reference: Wikipedia



Japan Aftermath of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami


The aftermath of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami included both a humanitarian crisis and massive economic impacts.
The tsunami created over 300,000 refugees in the Tohoku region of Japan, and resulted in shortages of food, water, shelter,
medicine and fuel for survivors. 15,891 deaths have been confirmed. In response to the crisis, the Japanese government mobilized
the Self-Defence Forces, while many countries sent search and rescue teams to help search for survivors. Aid organizations both
in Japan and worldwide also responded, with the Japanese Red Cross reporting $1 billion in donations. The economic impact included
both immediate problems, with industrial production suspended in many factories, and the long-term issue of the cost of rebuilding,
which has been estimated at 10 trillion yen ($122 billion).

A further serious impact of the tsunami was the critical damage done to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, resulting in
severe releases of radioactivity and the prospect of a long-term health and environmental hazard in need of an expensive clean-up.

Source: Wikipedia


Sendai City flooded by the tsunam: Fire was occured after the tunami. March 12, 2011

Ishinomaki Port damaged by the tsunami and a flooded paddy field: March 20, 2011

Sanriku Seacoast one week after the tsunami: March 18, 2011

A house drifting in the tsunami and floating in the Pacific Ocean: March 14, 2011
There were more victims to the tidal wave of the tsunami.

Sendai Airport, where muddy water is deposited due to the tsunami: March 13, 2011

Miyako Port damaged by the tsunami: March 20, 2011

Firefighters to search for survivors at Kamaishi City: March 17, 2011
Picture source: Wikipedia


 Operation Tomodach
US Military provided help in the wake of earthquake in Japan.



english index tobacco control 日本語

Japan stands with earthquake zones.
執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
The article was written in April 2016, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.
Pictures used in this paper are quated from Wikipedia and as designated.


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