The commonwealth of Virginia is a U.S. state on the Atlantic Coast. The
is about 7,000,000 in 2008. In northern Virginia, near the state border
with Washington, D.C.,
there are federal agencies of the Department of Defence and CIA. The growth
of the media
and technology sectors have made computer chips the leading export of the
state. There are
the 21 TV stations in the Virginia. The headquarter of the popular paper
'USA Today', which
now is the second largest after the Wall Street Journal, is located in
(L) A 'Welcome to Virginia' sign board at a state border (M) Blue Ridge
(R) This map shows the site of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Many rivers in Virginia, including Potomac river, flow into the Chesapeake
Bay. The Blue Ridge
Mountains are on the links of Appalachian Mountains, the highest point
in the state, which is
the Mount Rogers at 1,746 m.
Norfolk Botanical Garden (Azelea), in April 1961
Williamsburg Colonial Historic Sites, in April 1961
All four photographs were taken by Dr. J. Miyamoto.
Source: University of Texas Libraries
Virginia is also well known for the production of tobacco. Tobacco, one
of the most widely used
addictive substances in the world, is a plant native to the Americas and
historically one of
the half-dozens most important crops grown by American farmers. From 1617
tobacco was the very valuable staple export from the English-American mainland
and the United States. Until the 1960s, the United States not only grew
but also manufactured
and exported more tobacco than any other country.
Tobacco field in Virginia
Philip Morris USA, which is the world dominated tobacco company, moved
from New York City to Richmond, Virginia. Philip Morris plans to move all
productions to Richmond, VA, by the year 2010.
Smoking Ban in a public place in Virginia
A broad ban on smoking in restaurants and bars passed both houses of the
giving final approval to an unprecedented restriction in a once a reliably
pro-tobacco state. -
The home state of Marlboro cigarettes and the world's largest cigarette
factory is banning most
smoking in restaurants and bars.
Details of the smoking restriction @It allows smoking only in private clubs or in restaurant
rooms that are enclosed and separately ventilated. It prevents restaurant
and bar employees from
being required to work in smoking areas. The ban allows lighting up only
in closed off, separately
ventilated areas or in private clubs. However, establishments or patrons
flouting the law would incur
a fine of $25.
Source: www. Washingtonexaminer.com. April 12, 2009
New Virginia's legislation goes into effect December 2009, to protect restaurant
patrons from the harmful effects of secondhand smoke. The Virginia Department
offers these frequently asked questions and answers about the law and the
role of Department
What Is the key provision of the law?
Smoking will be prohibited in restaurants that are open to the public,
with a few exceptions.
What Kind of establishments are exempt from the law?
Any place or operation that prepares or stores food to distribute to people
in the same business
operation, or of a related business operation for service to the public.
Examples include operations
that prepare food for catering services, pushcart operations, hotdog stands
or other mobile points
of service. Any outdoor area of a restaurant, with or without a roof covering,
provided it is not
enclosed by temporary enclosures. Any restaurant located on the premises
of any manufacturer
of tobacco products. Any portion of a restaurant constructed so that the
area where smoking is
permitted is: Structurally separated from the areas, in which smoking is
prohibited, of the restaurant,@
and separately vented to prevent the recirculation of air from the smoking
area to the non-smoking
area. At least one public entrance must be into an area where smoking is
Does The smoking ban prohibit smoking in restaurants operated in private
No, a private club is exempted from the smoking restriction.
Smoking will be allowed in outdoor areas of restaurants?
Smoking will be permitted in open-air outdoor areas of a restaurant.
Does The anti-smoking law affect employees who work in areas where the
Yes, wait or bus staff may not be required by the proprietor to work in
any area of the restaurant
where smoking may be permitted.
Post Sign boards, stating 'No-Smoking' or containing the international
'No Smoking' symbol clearly and conspicuously in every restaurant where smoking is
prohibited; Remove all ashtrays and other smoking paraphernalia from all
areas of the restaurant,
where smoking is prohibited.
Source: Virginia Department of Health.
Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport and Crystal City, Virginia, are
situated 7kms south of Washington, DC.
Photographed in October 2010.
Total Smoking Ban in USA
@Smoking Ban in New Jersey@
@Smoke-free Illinois Act@
@Smoking Ban in California@1998
@Beverly Hills banned in all outdoor dining areas@
@Smoking Ban in a condominium of California
@Smoking Ban in the State of Washington
@Smoking Ban in Oregon@@
@Montana passed statewide smoking Ban
@Colorado Clean Indoor Air Act
@Smoking Ban in Arizona@
@Smoking Ban in the State of Maine
@Smoking Ban in Vermont@
@Smoking Ban in the lassachusetts state.
@Smoking Ban in New York@
@Smoking Ban in Maryland@
@Smoking Ban in Washington, D.C.
@Smoking Ban in Minnesota@
@Smoking Ban in Delaware@
@Smoking Ban in Ohio@
@Smoking Ban in Iowa@
@Smoking Ban in Utah@
@Smoking Ban in Rhode Island@
@Smoking Ban in Nevada@
@Smoking Ban in Virginia
@Smoking Ban in Michigan@
@Smoking Ban in Wisconsin
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The article was written in April 2009, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.