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Turkey imposed a blanket ban on smoking in enclosed public places.

Most people in Turkey support the smoking ban in public places.

Girl students photographed by Dr. J. Miyamoto in April 1995 at Kusadasi; a sea resort of Turkey
faced to the Mediterranean Sea.

Parliament in Turkey has voted to introduce a blanket ban on smoking in enclosed places.

Banning smoking was until recently completely unthinkable in Turkey, where 40% of the adult population
-25 million people - are smokers. The new ban will outlaw smoking in all enclosed public places,
including bars, cafes and restaurants as well as taxis, trains and outdoor stadiums. It is due to come
into force in about 18 months'time.

Source: University of Texas Libraries

Some argue that existing bans on smoking in hospitals, schools and other public buildings, are already
widely flouted. They also question how the newly legislated fines.Fifty Turkish lira( $44) for those
lighting up and 5,000 lira for bar and cafe owners, who allow smoking on their premises will be imposed.
However, against this, the new law is being strongly praised by health campaigners. They point out that
smoking-related illness cost Turkey up to 3bn lira ($2.7bn) a year. The anti-smoking lobby has on its
side a powerful supporter in the shape of Turkish Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
Source: Jan 4,. 2008 BBC News

Mt. Ararat, the highest peak in Turkey, 5,165 above sea.

The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Mediterranean Sea have a temperate Mediterranean climate,
with hot, dry summers and mild, wet and cold winters. Conditions can be much harsher in the more
arid interior. Mountains, close to the coast, prevent Mediterranean influences from extending inland,
giving the central Anatolian plateau of the interior of Turkey a continental climate with sharply
contrasting seasons.

Turkey has no official state religion. The Turkish Constitution provides for freedom of religion and
conscience. However, 73.6 million people in Turkey are Muslims or 98% of the total population.

Source: Wikipedia

The Ottoman Empire in 1683.

(L) The Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey. Four minarets at the corners of the mosque.
(R) The Gate of the Sultan.

The photo shows the Gate of Carts entrance of Topkapi Palace, the official and primary residence
in the city of the Ottoman Sultans, 1465-185, in Istanbul, Turkey. This gate leads into
Domed Cupboard Room. This place was built as a vestibule to the harem in 1587 by Murad III.

Turkish Prime Minister awarded WHO's anti-smoking prize.

The Prime Minister of Turkey, Recep T Erdogan, awarded the 2010 special prize for Global Fight
against Smoking by the World Health Organization (WHO), in Ankara. This was by recognizing his
efforts aimed at reducing the number of Turk smokers. Anatolia news agency reported. 'One
hundred thousand people in Turkey, and more than 5 million people in the world, die annually
because of diseases caused by smoking.' Erdogan said during the awards ceremony, which
coincided with the first anniversary of the country’s indoor smoking ban.

'Active smokers are as risky as people who hang around with a weapon in their hands.' He said,
adding that the number of people who lose their lives because of smoking is much larger than
that of terrorism victims. Erdogan said the government was determined to continue the struggle
against smoking and called for people to contribute to the mission. The prime minister also said
people present in the surroundings of smokers were negatively affected by side-smoke, mentioning
the estimates that 700 million children are exposed to cigarette smoke, according to the WHO.
'You can notice smoking is widespread in families that are extremely poor and live in very difficult
conditions. I see the people who cannot even provide proper food and clothes for themselves,
carrying packets of cigarettes in their pockets.' He said that smoking was not an excuse for
people's suffering, but rather constituted a new socio-economic problem. For people who think
that the anti-smoking law limited the freedom of smokers, he said that there is no freedom for

According to research conducted in Turkey in November 2008 before the smoking ban,31.2 %
of adults, or 16 million people, were active smokers. A report prepared by the medicine faculty
of Marmara University and published this month by the National Committee for Smoking and
Health said 363 million fewer packs of cigarettes were consumed in Turkey in 2010 compared
to the first half of 2009, representing a saving of 1.8 billion Turkish Liras. Moreover, the income
from the special and value-added tax on cigarettes showed an increase for the same period
compared to a year before. The report also said that during the year of 2010, the applications
to hospitals for heart diseases were reduced by 33.6 %, while those with asthma fell 20.5 %.

Source: Daily News, Istanbul, July 19, 2010

 Smoking Ban and Tobacco Control in Greece




トルコでレストラン、カフェ、バー、鉄道、 タクシー、職場などの全面禁煙を施行してから1年目の
2010年7月にトルコ首相、レジェプ・タイイップ・エルドアン氏は世界保健機関( WHO )から強力な


2008年1月執筆 2009年11月英文加筆  2010年8月加筆
禁煙席ネット主宰 医学博士  宮本順伯
The article was written in January 2008, and revised in August 2010,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.

Smoking Ban and Tobacco Control in Iran

Special Note:
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.



 毎日新聞闘論 「サマータイム」・経団連の導入根拠に反論   猫でも分かる「だまし」のサマータイム
 朝日新聞論壇 「サマータイムは迷惑千万」  テレビ小窓の人物表示をやめよ   朝日新聞論壇 「男女産み分け親の権利か」
 朝日新聞私の視点 「受動喫煙防止法を制定せよ」   南千島、北方4島は日本固有の領土  生活基盤と自然とを調和させた未来を
 喝!日本の政治社会批判   警告 :節税賃貸住宅が乱立

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