United States
Alaska, USA



Picture source: Alaska Volcano Observatory in January 2006

The population of the Municipality of Anchorage was estimated 301,000 residents in 2013.
Russian presence in south-central Alaska was well established in the 19th century.
In 1867, U. S. Secretary of State William H. Seward brokered a deal to purchase Alaska
from Imperial Russia for $7.2 million (about two cents an acre). His political rivals
lampooned the deal as Seward's folly." By 1888, gold was discovered along Turnagain Arm.

The US$ 7.2 million check used to pay for Alaska ($119 million in 2014 dollars)

The signing of the Alaska Treaty of Cessation in 1867

The cost of goods in Alaska has long been higher than in the contiguous 48 states. Federal
government employees, particularly United States Postal Service workers and active-duty
military members, receive a Cost of Living Allowance usually set at 25% of base pay because,
while the cost of living has gone down, it is still one of the highest in the country.

Source: Wikipedia

Turnagain Arm mud-flats, Anchorage

Girdwood resort, south to Anchorage, 61 km southeast of Anchorage

Mt. McKinley in white veil and Chulitna River

Mount McKinley viewed from Eielson Visitor Center.

Denali is decorated with colors of autumn.

Trans-Alaska Pipeline System

The pipeline conveys oil from Prudhoe Bay, to Valdez.

Opponents of the pipeline asserted the presence of the pipeline would interfere with the caribou.

The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System includes the trans-Alaska crude-oil pipeline, 11 pump stations,
several hundred miles of feeder pipelines, and the Valdez Marine Terminal. It is one of the world's
largest pipeline systems. It is commonly called the Alaska pipeline, however, those terms technically
apply only to the 1,287 km of the pipeline with the diameter of 122 cm that conveys oil from
Prudhoe Bay, to Valdez, Alaska.

The task of building the pipeline had to address a wide range of difficulties, stemming mainly
from the extreme cold and the difficult, isolated terrain. The construction of the pipeline was one
of the first large-scale projects to deal with problems caused by permafrost, and special construction
techniques had to be developed to cope with the frozen ground.
Source: Wikipedia

The price of gasoline in Alaska: $ 3.839/Gallon - $ 4.479/Gallon
= $ 1.01/Liter - $ 1.18/Liter

Alaska Fly to Anchorage Alaska Highway Alaskan Railways Hotels in Alaska
Lodges in Alaska Denali National Park Alaskaglacier Smoking restriction in Alaska

english index tobacco control 日本語 (アラスカ要約)

執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
This information was provided by the Smokefree Hotel and Travel.
The photographs were taken in September 2014, and article was written in September 2014,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.
Copyright (C) 2014 Junhaku Miyamoto, PhD. All right is reserved.

Vancouver Internationl Airport
Snow-covered Alaska and Canadian Rockies

United States
To Anchorage via Vancouver

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