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Portugal



Portugal

Portuguese-language territories

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Liberian Peninsula.
Portugal is the westernmost country of mainland Europe and is bordered by the sea of Atlantic Ocean to the west
and south and by the land of Spain to the north and east.

During the 15th and 16th centuries, with a global empire that included possessions in the partial area of Africa,
Asia, and South America, Portugal was one of the world's major economic and military powers. Portugal was also
one of the last European nations to give up its colonies and oversea territories, turning over the Macau's administration
to the People's Republic of China in 1999.

The total population of Portugal is estimated about 10,700,000. Travel and tourism will be extremely important
for Portugal.


(L) Praia de Marinha, Algarve, the southernmost region of mainland Portugal
(R) Serra da Estrela mountain range at 1,993 m high above sea, the highest point in Portugal ( Source: Wikipedia )

(L) Map of Portugal Source: University of Texas Libraries
(R) A subway train entering to the underground Olaias station in Lisbon, Portugal, photographed in May 2010.


ヨーロッパ西端の国、ポルトガル。14世紀にはヴァスコ・ダ・ガマによってインド航路が開かれ、日本へも早くから西洋の文化を
もたらした。しかし、第2次大戦後、多くの国々が独立し、マカオの中国返還を最後に、ポルトガルは植民地支配からヨーロッパの
一国へと回帰した。総人口、1,070万人、ユーロ通貨圏の一国、最大の都市は首都、リスボンである。

Portugal
Smoking status in Portugal

Portugal
Portugal Lisbon city Lisbon metro and railways Lisbon tram Lisbon-Porto express train Porto city Porto metro
Porto train station

ポルトガル
2008年3月執筆  2009年12月英文加筆 2010年5月写真添加
「禁煙席ネット」主宰 医学博士 宮本順伯
本文および写真の著作権は宮本順伯に帰属
禁煙席ネット」へのリンクは自由
The article was written in March 2008, and a photograph was added in May 2010,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.


Portugal 
Lisbon city



Special Note: 日本語表示
 Russia unduly occupies our Northern Territories of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
  Domestic travel in Japan
 Smoke-free should be the minimum standard for the host city in the Olympic.
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Stop merging war criminals and war victims at Yasukuni Shrine.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.

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