Manitoba



Manitoba

Manitoba is a prairie province is bordered by the province of Ontario to the east, Saskatchewan to the west,
and the American states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south, and the salt water coastline on Hudson
Bay in the northeast. Agriculture, found especially in the fertile southern and western parts of the province,
dominates the province's economy; other major industries include transportation, manufacturing, mining,
forestry, energy, and tourism. The population of Manitoba was estimated about 1,214,000 in 2006.



Winnipeg is the capital and largest city, with a population of about 630,000. Winnipeg developed rapidly after
coming of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1881. Winnipeg has a humid climate withextremes of hot and cold.
Average low temperature in January is -22.8℃, high in July is 25.8℃.
Source: Wikipedia


(L) A main street in Winnipeg in 1887 (R) The Winnipeg general strike, 1919

Panorama of Winnipeg in 1907

(L) Royal Canadian Mint in Winnipeg (M) Esplanade Riel bridge for a pedestrian, Winnipeg (R) Red Rover flood in 1950

Non-Smokers Health Protection Act, Manitoba, Canada

Manitoba banned smoking in an enclosed public space, an indoor workplace.
A vehicle used for a public use, or used in a course of employment has to
become smoke-free. This act becomes effective after June 2005.


The "enclosed public place" means any part of an enclosed place to which members
of the public have access, including, but not limited to;
any part of office building, a retail store or other commercial establishment, or the
common area of residential building or shopping mall.
a health-care centre facility
a day care center or nursery
an educational institution or facility
a restaurant
an elevator
a licensed premise
an enclosed place, other than a private residence
a private club to which a member or individual has access
a bus shelter, pedestrian tunnel or enclosed walkway.


Exception for outdoor eating or drinking areas

An outdoor eating or drinking area that is a part of, or operated in conjunction with,
a restaurant, a licensed premise, a non-public club, to which a member or an invited
person has access, or an enclosed place, other than a private residence.

Exception for a hotel room

A registered guest, and his or her invited guests, may smoke in a guest room of
a hotel, motel, inn or bed-and-breakfast facility, but only if the guest room

is designed primarily as sleeping accommodation,
is not frequented by non-smoking in-patients or residents,
is fully enclosed by floor-to-ceiling walls, a ceiling and doors that separate it
physically from any adjacent area in which smoking is prohibited by this Act, and
has a separate ventilation system.


Ashtrays

A proprietor shall ensure that no ashtray or similar receptacle is placed or allowed
to remain in any place or area in which smoking is prohibited under this Act.

G
eneral offence and penalty

A person who contravenes a provision of this Act is guilty of an offence, and
is liable on summary conviction:
A first offence, to a fine not more than $3,000
A second offence, to a fine not more than $5,000
A third or subsequent offence, to a fine not more than $15,000

Source: the Manitoba Law, Government of Manitoba, Canada


マニトバ州はカナダの中央平原にある地域に位置し、北東部はハドソン湾に面している。農業が経済の中心と
なっており、石油、鉱業、林業、観光などが主要な産業である。ウイニペグが最大の都市であり州都ともなって
いる。夏は暑く(最高気温、38℃)、冬は非常に寒い(体感最低気温、-55℃)。筆者は1962年9月、カナダ
大陸横断自動車旅行に際にウイニペグ市を訪れている。

マニトバ州では喫煙規制法を2005年6月から実施している。その目的は公共的施設での有害なタバコ副流煙の
悪影響から州民を守るためである。全面禁煙規制範囲にはレストラン、バーを含む。


Total Smoking Ban in USA and Canada

smorking ban bc canada Smoke-free BC Canada
smorking ban alberta canada Smoking Ban in Public and Work places in Alberta
smorking ban Saskatchewan Smoking Ban in Saskatchewan 
smorking ban manitoba canada Nonsmokers Health Protection Act, Manitoba 
smorking ban ontario canada Smoke-free Ontario Act 
smorking ban quebec canada Tobaco Control in Quebec 
smorking ban new Brunswick Smoke-free Places Act, New Brunswick 
smorking ban nova scotia Smoke-free Places Act, Nova Scotia 

Canada
Smokefree British Columbia Smokefree Alberta  Trip to Canada 2011 Vancouver North Vancouver
Whistler Skytrain  VIA train Jasper Icefield and Bow Summit Emerald Lake Lake Louise
Banff Calgary Edmonton Hospitals in BC and Alberta Tobacco control in B.C. and Alberta 2011


マニトバ州
2010年2月執筆
執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
The article was written in February 2010, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.



Ottawa in Canada




Special Note: 日本語表示

 Russia unduly occupies our Northern Territories of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
  Domestic travel in Japan
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Stop merging war criminals and war victims at Yasukuni Shrine.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.

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