Manitoba is a prairie province is bordered by the province of Ontario to
the east, Saskatchewan to the west,
and the American states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south, and
the salt water coastline on Hudson
Bay in the northeast. Agriculture, found especially in the fertile southern
and western parts of the province,
dominates the province's economy; other major industries include transportation,
forestry, energy, and tourism. The population of Manitoba was estimated
about 1,214,000 in 2006.
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city, with a population of about 630,000.
Winnipeg developed rapidly after
coming of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1881. Winnipeg has a humid climate
withextremes of hot and cold.
Average low temperature in January is -22.8℃, high in July is 25.8℃.
(L) A main street in Winnipeg in 1887 (R) The Winnipeg general strike,
Panorama of Winnipeg in 1907
(L) Royal Canadian Mint in Winnipeg (M) Esplanade Riel bridge for a pedestrian,
Winnipeg (R) Red Rover flood in 1950
Non-Smokers Health Protection Act, Manitoba, Canada
Manitoba banned smoking in an enclosed public space, an indoor workplace.
A vehicle used for a public use, or used in a course of employment has
become smoke-free. This act becomes effective after June 2005.
The "enclosed public place" means any part of an enclosed place
to which members
of the public have access, including, but not limited to;
any part of office building, a retail store or other commercial establishment,
common area of residential building or shopping mall.
a health-care centre facility
a day care center or nursery
an educational institution or facility
a licensed premise
an enclosed place, other than a private residence
a private club to which a member or individual has access
a bus shelter, pedestrian tunnel or enclosed walkway.
Exception for outdoor eating or drinking areas
An outdoor eating or drinking area that is a part of, or operated in conjunction
a restaurant, a licensed premise, a non-public club, to which a member
or an invited
person has access, or an enclosed place, other than a private residence.
Exception for a hotel room
A registered guest, and his or her invited guests, may smoke in a guest
a hotel, motel, inn or bed-and-breakfast facility, but only if the guest
is designed primarily as sleeping accommodation,
is not frequented by non-smoking in-patients or residents,
is fully enclosed by floor-to-ceiling walls, a ceiling and doors that
physically from any adjacent area in which smoking is prohibited by this
has a separate ventilation system.
A proprietor shall ensure that no ashtray or similar receptacle is placed
to remain in any place or area in which smoking is prohibited under this
General offence and penalty
A person who contravenes a provision of this Act is guilty of an offence,
is liable on summary conviction:
A first offence, to a fine not more than $3,000
A second offence, to a fine not more than $5,000
A third or subsequent offence, to a fine not more than $15,000
Source: the Manitoba Law, Government of Manitoba, Canada
Total Smoking Ban in USA and Canada
Smoke-free BC Canada
Smoking Ban in Public and Work places in Alberta
Smoking Ban in Saskatchewan
Nonsmokers Health Protection Act, Manitoba
Smoke-free Ontario Act
Tobaco Control in Quebec
Smoke-free Places Act, New Brunswick
Smoke-free Places Act, Nova Scotia
Smokefree British Columbia Smokefree Alberta Trip to Canada 2011 Vancouver North Vancouver
Whistler Skytrain VIA train Jasper Icefield and Bow Summit Emerald Lake Lake Louise
Banff Calgary Edmonton Hospitals in BC and Alberta Tobacco control in B.C. and Alberta 2011
執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
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The article was written in February 2010, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.