Berlin is the capital of Germany. Berlin is Germany's largest city. Its
population is 3.45 million. It is located
in northeastern Germany and in the European Plains. Around one-third of
the city's area is composed of
forests, parks, gardens, rivers and lakes.
Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world. After
World War$B-6(B, the city became divided
into East Berlin and West Berlin,surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961-1989)
. In 1990, the city regained its
status as the capital of Germany. Berlin is a world city of culture, politics,
media, and science. Significant
industries include IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, biotechnology,
electronics, traffic engineering,
and renewable energy.
(L) The Brandenburg Gate is an iconic landmark of Berlin and Germany. (R)
Berlin Brandenburger Tor S2 station
Brandenburger Tor in the morning and at the evening
These photographs show the present Berlin Wall. People crossing the so-called
'death strip' on the eastern side were at risk of being shot.
(L) Berlin Ostbahnhof, one of the two main railway stations, was the East
Berlin railroad terminal until 2006.
The Eastside Gallery of the Berlin Wall is nearby the Ostbahnhof.
(R) Inside of a new Berlin's S-Bahn train photographed before arriving
(L) German parliament, the Deutscher Bundestag, in Berlin (M) A huge open-air
eye of top of the dome
(R) Mr.Lothar Binding, Member of the German Bundestag
(L) The entrance to the Parliament, Reichstag
(R) This photo shows the inside the glass dome of the Reichstag. The spiral
walkways and the mirrored cone at the center of the dome
(L) This is a front view of the German Parliament, Reichstag building.
(R) The 'Dem Deutschen Volke' seen at the Parliament building, means 'To/For
the German People.
Berlin's transportation infrastructure is highly complex, providing a very
diverse range of urban mobility.
Long-distance rail lines connect Berlin with all the major cities of Germany
and with many cities in
neighboring European countries. Regional rail lines provide access to the
surrounding areas of Brandenburg
and to the Baltic Sea. The Berlin Hauptbahnhof is the largest crossing
station in Europe. Deutsche Bahn runs
trains to domestic destinations, like Nuremberg, Hamburg, Freiburg and
others. It also runs an airport express
rail service, as well as trains to international destinations, like Moscow,
Vienna, and Salzburg. Berliner
Verkehrsbetriebe and the Deutsche Bahn manage several dense urban public
(L) Zone AB 24hur-ticket cost 6.30 Euros (R) Zone AB within three-stations
ticket cost 1.4 Euros
||Stations/ Lines/ Net length
||Passengers per annum
||166 / 15 / 331km
||DB/ Mainly overground rail system: Some suburban stops
||173 / 10 / 147km
||BVG/ Mainly underground rail system: 24hour-service on weekends
||398 / 22 / 192km
||BVG/ Operates predominantly in eastern boroughs
The$B!!(BBerliner Verkehrsbetriebe (German for Berlin Transportation Company)
is the main public transport company
of Berlin, the capital of Germany. It manages the city's U-Bahn railway,
as well as the city's tram, bus and ferry
networks, but not the S-Bahn urban rail system.
Berlin Hauptbahnhof by the Spree River. This main station in Berlin has
been operated since 2006.
(L) Berlin Hauptbahnhof viewed from the Reichstag building. (R) The signboard
of Berlin Hauptbahnhof
Berlin Hauptbahnhof is the non-smoking station.
ICE trains arrive from the various countries, and the right train was just
arrived from Schiphol International Airprt, Amsterdam, Holland.
(L) Bottom plateform in the Berlin Hauptbahnhof (R) ICE train arrived at
the top plateform from Interlaken Ost, Switzerland.
These Photographs are DB's ICE train and a dinning car on the bottom plateform
of the Berlin Hauptbahnhof.
(L) Berlin Friedrichstarasse station (R) Tram operated by BVG
(L) A walkway corridor near the Friedrichstrasse station (R) Berlin Friedrich-Strsasse
(L) Berlin Friedrichstrsasse station (M) Validation machine for ticket
(R) A SOS panel seen at the underground station plateform
Berlin Hackescher Market station
(L) Looking down from the Hackescher Market station (R) A tramcar in front
of the Hackescher Market station
(L) A unique outdoor seat of cafe at Hackescher Market (R) A cycling road
at the area of Potsdamer Platz
(L) Hackescher Market S-Bahn station (R) Cafe in the Hackescher Market
(L) Berlin's largest church is the Berlin Cathedral, which is called as
Berliner Dome in German.
(R) Altes Museum
(L) A mobile hot dog vendor and a street performer (R) Hackescher Market
(L) Berliner Dome is visible, in the distance, from the platform of Berlin
(R) Friedrichstrasse station
(L) A vending machine display for a ticket purchase (M)A mobile hot dog
vendor (R) Alexanderplatz, The entrance to the U-Bahn.
(L) People at Alexanderplatz (R) Toll toilet (0.5 Euros)
(L) A street performer at Alexanderplatz (R) Karl-Liebknecht Strasse near
the Alexanderplatz station
(L) Line M2 tram at Alexanderplatz, Berlin (R) Line M2 rail track
The interior of Line M2 tram and a railway track
(L) Deutsch Dome at night (R) Many security policemen are in action near
the Brandenburger Tor.
(L) Emergency plateform telephone board placed in a Metro station.
(M) A ticket machine is placed at the corner of plateform.
(R) Stadtmitte station
A glass window of the train of U-Bahn Metro is printed with Brandenburger
which prevents the visibility of outside scenery.
(L) Alexanderplatz station (R) A horse-drawn carriage seen near the Deutsch
(L) Potsdamer Platz station. A bluish tall building is the Sony Center's
(M) Many young women are gotten together for a live show.
(R) The entrance to the Sony Store Berlin in the Potsdamer Platz
(L) The TV tower in Alexanderplatz, Berlin (M) TV tower viewed from Spree
(R) A comfortable shade under the tree, experienced near the Berlin Cathedral.
The Charite is one of the largest university hospitals in Europe. Here,
3800 doctors and scientists heal, do research
and teach at the top international level. More than half of the German
Nobel Prize winners in medicine and physiology
come from Charite. It extends over four campuses bundled under17 Charite
Centers. The Charite is one of the largest
employers in Berlin, with a staff more than 13,000.
(L) Name plate of Charite Hospital, Berlin (R) Hospital staffs are in a
Charite University Hospital, Berlin and an ambulance car
NH Berlin-Mitte is a four-star hotel located on the Friedrichstrasse. The
total numbers of
guest rooms are 240, of which 40 are smoking rooms ( 16.7% ).
Sofitel Berlin, has 92 guest rooms, and the number of smoking rooms is
22, which consists
of about 23.9 % of the total.
Regent Berlin has 195 guest rooms, of which smoking rooms are 27 ( 13.8% of the total rooms ).
Marriott Berlin Hotel, near the Potsdamer Platz has 379 rooms, and smoking
rooms are 41 rooms,
which consists of 10.8% of total guest rooms.
Ritz-Carton Berlin has 303 rooms. The number of smoking rooms is 27 (8.9%).
Hotel Adlon Berlin, close to the Brandenburger Tor, has a smoking room
floor on the 2nd
and 6th floor, about 25% of the total of 398 rooms.
Hilton Berlin Hotel has 601rooms. Of these, 25 rooms are smoking, which
to 4.1% of total.
Westin Berlin: Total number of guest rooms is 400/all non-smoking.
(L) The Ritz-Carlton Berlin Hotel (M) Marriott Berlin Hotel (R) Regent
(L) Hotel Adlon Berlin (M) Hilton Berlin Hotel (R) Westin Berlin Hotel
Smoking Restriction at Hotels in the World: Actual Survey
The ratio of a smoking guest room to the total hotel rooms was calculated,
based on-the-spot investigation.
(L) Bayer's building at the front of Zoologisher Garten station (R) A small
canal in Berlin
(L) A unique building observed from the Storkower Strasse station of S-Bahn
(R) Treptower Park station
(L) The Spree in Berlin (R) Fernsehturm Berlin ( television tower ) seen
from the DB railway track, in the distance.
Spandau Station is one of Berlin's larger stations, located in the western
district of Spandau. Intercity train services
to and from destinations in western Germany, such as Hannover, Koeln (
Cologne ) and Frankfurt stop here, as well
as many regional trains. Spandau is also the terminus of east-west S-Bahn
Berlin-Spandau DB station
(L) Berlin S-Bahn Pankow station (M) Passengers of the train from Schoenefeld
airport (R) Schoenefeld Flughafen terminal station
There is a long underground passageway and a roofed footpath to the Schoenefeld
(L) Many taxis are waiting for an air passenger at the Schoenefeld airport.
(M) A line-up for a security check at the terminal (R) Departure board
at the outside of the Schoenefeld airport
Berlin has two commercial airports. Tegel International Airport, which
lies within the city limits, and Schonefeld
International Airport, which is situated in the south-eastern border, just
outside Berlin. It serves mainly
for low-cost airline travel. Berlin's airport authority plans to transfer
all of Berlin's air traffic in June 2012 to
a newly built airport at Schonefeld, to be renamed Berlin Brandenburg Airport.
Tegel International Airport
Smoking restriction of the world airports
Berlin Tram and S-Bahn train, Berlin
$B!!(BA side trip to the country town southwest of Berlin
All railway trains should be completely smoke -free.
$B!!(B$B%$%?%j%"E4F;N99T5-(B$B!!!!(BItalia Rail: Trenitalia
$B!!(B$B%"%$%k%i%s%IE4F;N99T5-(B $B!!(B Rail Travel Ireland
$B!!(B$B%U%#%s%i%s%IE4F;!"O)LLEERailways in Helsinki, Finland
$B!!(B$B%H%m%s%O%$%`!&%*%9%m4VE4F;(B Trohdheim-Oslo Railway, Norway
$B!!(B$B%\%9%H%s(B-$B%K%e!<%h!<%/9bB.E4F;!!(B$B!!(BAmtrak Acela Express/Boston_Newyork
$B!!(B$B%7%+%4(BCTA$BE4F;(B Chicago CTA Rail
$B!!(B$B%^%$%"%_(BMETRO$BE4F;(B $B!!(BMiami Metro Rail
$B!!(B$B%o%7%s%H%s(BDC$BCO2Washington DC Metro/Union Station
$B!!(B$B%9%H%C%/%[%k%`!&%"!<%i%s%@5^9T(B $B!!(BStockholm Arlanda Airport and Express
$B!!(B$B%9%H%C%/%[%k%`CO2 $B!!(B Stockholm County Railways
$B!!(B$B#X#2#0#0#0$NN9(B $B!!(BX2000:Stockholm_Copenhagen Express
$B!!(B$B%3%Z%s%O!<%2%sCO2 $B!!(BGreater Copenhagen Railways
$B!!%P%s%3%/!&%9%+%$%H%l%$%s!&CO2 $B!!(B Bangkok Mass Transit/Thai Railways
$B!!(B$BBfOQ9bB.E4F;(B $B!!(BTaiwan High Speed Rail
$B!!(B$B%$%s%IE4F;!&CO2 $B!!(BIndian Railways and Dehli Metro
$B!!(B$B4Z9q9bB.E4F;!&6u9A5^9T!&CO2Korea Train Express, Airport Express and Metro
$B!!(B $B9a9A6u9A%(%/%9%W%l%9!&CO2Airport Express and MTR, Hong Kong
$B!!Cf9q9bB.E4F;!!(BHigh-speed railway in China
$B!!%]%k%H%,%kCO2Portugal Metro, Railways
$B!!%"%`%9%F%k%@%`E4F;!&;TEE(B $B!!(BAmsterdam Rail
$B!!%9%Z%$%s9bB.E4F;(B $B!!(B High-speed train in Spain
$B!!%P%m%;%m%JET;T8rDL(B $B!!(BBarcelona Railways
$B!!%Q%jE4F;%?!<%_%J%k(B $B!!(BParis Rail Terminals
$B!!(B $B%U%i%s%99qE4$NN9(B $B!!(BRailway Travel in France
$B!!%I%$%D9qE4$NN9(B Railway Travel in Germany
$B!!%9%$%9!&%*!<%9%H%j%"!&%I%$%DE4F;!!(BEU Trains 2013
$B!!%+%J%@BgN&2#CGE4F;!&(BVIA$B!!(BTrans-Canada Railway, VIA
$B!!%7%"%H%k!&%b%N%l!<%k!"%j%s%/E4F;!!(BMonorail and Link railway st Seatle
$B!!JF9q%"%`%H%i%C%/$GI92O9qN)8x1`$X(B Amtrak: Seatle to Glacier National Park
$B!!%5%s%U%i%s%7%9%3!&%P!<%H!"(B $B%1!<%V%k%+!San Francisco, cablecar, tram and Bart
$B!!(B$B%5%s%/%H%Y%k%0CO2Saint Petersburg Metro
$B!!(B$B%m%7%"9bB.E4F;!!(BSapsan, high-speed train of Russia
$B!!(B$B%X%k%7%s%-!&%5%s%/%H%Y%k%04V9bB.E4F;!!(BAllegro, high-speed train between Finland and Russia
$B!!(B$B%K%e!<%8%i%s%IE4F;N99T5-(B $B!!(BNZ Rail: Tranz Alpine/Scenic
$B!!(B$B%*!<%9%H%i%j%"E4F;N99T5-(B $B!!(B Brief Journey by Australian Rail
$B!!(B$B%-%c%s%Y%i!&%7%I%K!<4VE4F;(B Railways connecting Canberra and Sydney, Australia
$B!!(B$B%4!<%k%I%3!<%9%H!&%i%$%H%l!<%k(B$B!!(BGold Coast Light-Rail
$B!!(B$B@.ED6u9A!&El5~4VE4F;(B Narita Airport-City Rail Service
$B!!(B$BElKL?744@~!&$O$d$V$5!!(BJapanese high-speed train 'Hayabusa'
$B!!(B$B=)ED?744@~!&%9%Q!<%3%^%A!!(BJapanese high-speed train 'Super-Komachi'
$B!!(BMarket Booms for new High-speed Trains
$B!!(BSmoking ban in the railway trains of the world
France, Germany and Switzerland
Paris 2011 Mont Saint-Michel Marseille Nice Monaco Lyon Strasbourg Freiburg Basel
The photographs were taken in May, and the article was written in June
2011, and revised in July 2013,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.