Colorado



State of Colorado

Colorado
is located in the Rocky Mountain region. It is well known for its magnificent scenery of
mountains, rivers, lakes and plains. Extreme weather is a not unusual occurrence in Colorado.
Thunderstorms are common east of the Continental divide in the spring and summer. Colorado
is one of the leading states in deaths due to lightning. Hail is a common sight in the mountains
east of the divide. The highest temperature ever recorded in Colorado was 48°C on July 11, 1888,
at Bennett, while the lowest was -51.7°C on February1, 1985, at Maybell.
(Source: Wikipedia)


A map of Colorado

(L) A welcome to the Colorado sign board.
(R) This photograph shows the Georgetown Loop of the Colorado Central Railroad in 1899.
This historical rail track survived as active lines of BNSF Railway.



Denver is the state capital and the largest city in Colorado. The estimated population is about 600,000
in 2008. Denver is a consolidated city-county located in the South Platte River Valley, just east of the
Front Range of the Rocky Mountains.

 
(L) Autumn leaves in the Nymph Lake and Longs Peak at Rocky Mountain National Park in September 1962.
(R) This is the ticket that shows a 15-day vehicle permit at the Rocky Mountain National Park.
Both pictures were photographed by Dr. Junhaku Miyamoto.



コロラド州はアメリカ合衆国の中西部の州で、州最大の都市はロッキー山脈の東側にあるデンバーである。
州の人口は450万人以上、州の最低標高は1021m、最高標高は4399mと高低差が大きい。デンバー市の南
110kmに位置するコロラド・スプリングスはコロラドは州第2の都市である。

1962年9月、筆者はコロラド・スプリングスを訪れたとき、自分の車を麓に駐車し、パイクスピークには世界一
高いところに敷かれたアブト式登山鉄道、Pikes Peak Cog Railway を利用して頂上を目指した。今では2両
連結のヂーゼル車が走行しているが、当時は1両のみであった。今記憶していることは、山をゆっくり登るに
つれ視野がどんどん大きく広がって行ったのだが、山の頂上で味わったのは、眺望のすばらしさというより、
夏だというのに凍るように冷たい寒さであった。




Pikes Peak Run International Film Festival, Houston, 1990 Gold Award.
Right photo shows the Pikes Peak, 4302 m above sea level
.


Rocky Mountain National Park is located in the north-central region of the state of Colorado, northwest
of Boulder in the Rockies, includes the Continental Divide and the headwaters of the Colorado River.
It features majestic mountain views, a variety of wild life and wooded forests.Pikes Peak is a mountain
in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, 16 kms west of the city of Colorado Springs, Colorado.
Drivers race up the mountain in a famous annual race called the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb.


ロッキー山脈で有名なパイクスピーク( Pikes Peak )は毎年、独立記念日に The Race to the Clouds
(雲に向かう自動車レース)が催される。山頂は4301mあるが、標高差、1439mをモーターカーで一気に
駆け上がる。1960年代は勿論、今でも道路はほとんどガードレールのない無舗装の状態で、600mの
斜面を滑落する危険がある。レースを行う日以外は一般に開放されているが、高地では水の沸点が低く、
エンジンがオーバーヒートしやすいので、火災発生のリスクもある。



Source: University of Texas Libraries

Mesa Verde


Mesa Verde National Park is the UNESCO World Heritage Site, located in the state of Colorado. The park
features numerous ruins of homes and villages built by the ancient Pueblo people known as the Anasazi.
The Anasazi made this stone village their home in the 1200 A.D.. It is best known for several cliff dwellings,
including the Cliff Palace, which is thought to be the largest cliff dwelling in North America.
(Source: Wikipedia)

メサ・ヴェルデは、コロラド州南西部にあるインディアンの残した断崖をくりぬいた集落遺跡跡である。筆者の
訪れた1962年8月にはまだ指定されていなかったが、1978年に世界遺産に登録された。メサ・ヴェルデの国立
公園として制定は1906年である。



A vehicle permit paper to enter the Mesa Verde National Park, that is obtained in August 1962.


Colorado Clean Indoor Air Act
Colorado enacted a statewide smoking ban in 2006.

Statewide smoking ban: the Clean Indoor Air Act, which became effective July 2006, prohibits smoking in
nearly all enclosed workplaces and public places, including restaurants, bars, and taverns. The facilities
exempted from the ban are cigar bars, up to 25% of hotel rooms, the smokers' lounge at the International
Airport, casinos and workplaces which are not open to the public, which employ fewer than three employees.
Colorado became the 13th state to ban smoking in bars, restaurants and most workplaces. Some cities,
such as Pueblo, Boulder and Fort Collins, already had been local bans in place.

Legislators heard evidence indicating smoking bans to have had a positive impact on the restaurant busi-
ness but a negative effect on casinos. Airports logically could be exempted because they attract mostly
non-resident of Colorado.
Source: Denver Cahnnel. com July 2, 2006

2006年7月、コロラド州は (受動喫煙防止法)を可決し、施行した。この法令により、レストラン、バー、居酒屋
を含む公共的閉鎖空間での喫煙が禁止された。例外対象はをシガーバー、国際空港の喫煙室、25%以内と限定した
ホテルの喫煙客室、カジノ、および公共的性格をもたない従業員、3名以下の職場とした。カジノでの規制除外の
理由として、全面禁煙とするとカジノの売り上げは減少するとの予測を挙げている。

コロラド州南部の都市、コロラド大学のあるプエブロ( Pueblo )市では、州の規制に先だって、2003年7月から
すべてのレストラン、バーにおける全面禁煙を実行した。実施後の売り上げについて、Smoker's Clubは、飲食店
売り上げは前年同期比で喫煙規制を行わなかったコロラド州の他の地域より僅かな落ち込みを記録したとのデータ
を公表している。もし統計的に意義ある数字であれば、売り上げ減少は、喫煙規制が広い地域で一斉に行われ
なかったために発生したものと考えられる。


(L) A corn field in the Larimer County, northwest of Denver (R) A center pivot irrigation of whea\t in the eastern Colorado


Smoking ban reduces heart attacks.

A study done in the 18 months after Pueblo, Colorado enacted its smoking ban in 2003 shows
a 27 percent decrease in hospital admissions for heart attacks for city residents. The study
was led by Dr. Carl Bartecchi, a clinical professor of medicine at the University of Colorado School
of Medicine in Denver.

The decline in the number of heart attack hospitalization within the first year and a half after
the nonsmoking ban that was observed in this study is most likely due to a decrease in the
effect of secondhand smoke as triggering factor for heart attack. The Pueblo study gives a
positive outlook to the future of healthcare in Colorado. A 27 percent decrease is substantial
and will cut the cost of treatment with a trickle down effect to the cost of health insurance
throughout the entire state.
Source: Colorado Health Insurance Insider September 26.2006
Source: CNN co.jp January 2, 2009


コロラド医科大学教授( Dr.Bartecchi )は、プエブロ( Pueblo )市内に限定した受動喫煙防止法施行後
18ヶ月間に、心臓病で入院する患者が27%も減少したと発表した( 2009年1月のCNNニュースによれば
入院患者は、法令施行後に41%減少したと報道されている)。減少した理由としてタバコ副流煙を防止
できた結果、心臓病への誘因を取り除くことが出来たことと述べている。このことはコロラド州で支出する
医療費の削減をもたらすことになる。

Source: Colorado Health Insurance Insider September 26.2006
Source: CNN co.jp January 2, 2009


Total Smoking Ban in USA

smorking ban New Jersey  New Jersey 
smorking ban Illinois USA Illinois 
smorking ban California USA California
smorking ban Beverly Hills California Beverly Hills 
smorking ban condominium Condominium of California
smorking ban Washington state State of Washington
smorking ban Oregon USA Oregon  
smorking ban Montana USA Montana
smorking ban Colorado USA Colorado
smorking ban Arizona USA Arizona 
smorking ban Maine USA Maine
smorking ban Vermont USA Vermont 
smorking ban Massachusetts Massachusetts
smorking ban New York New York 
smorking ban Maryland USA Maryland 
smorking ban Washington DC Washington,D.C.
smorking ban Virginia USA Virginia
smorking ban Minnesota USA Minnesota 
smorking ban Delaware USA Delaware 
smorking ban Ohio USA Ohio 
smorking ban Iowa USA Iowa 
smorking ban Utah USA Utah 
smorking ban Rhode Island Rhode Island 
smorking ban Nevada USA Nevada 
smorking ban Michigan USA Michigan 
smorking ban Wisconsin USA Wisconsin

コロラド州
2008年9月執筆 2009年1月加筆 2009年11月英文加筆
執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
The article was written in September 2008, ,by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.




Arizona



Special Note: 日本語表示

 Russia unduly occupies our Northern Territories of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
  Domestic travel in Japan
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Stop merging war criminals and war victims at Yasukuni Shrine.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.

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受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  屋内喫煙設備撤去 鉄道車内完全禁煙レンタカー レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 空港 喫煙規制
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