'The Land of 10,000 Lakes', Minnesota
(L) Palisade Head on Lake Superior (R) The aerial lift bridge at Duluth,
a port town of Lake Superior
Minnesota is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.The
state population is estimated as 5.2 million.
Nearly sixty percent of residents live in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul Metropolitan
area, known as 'Twin Cities', which
is the center of transportation, business, industry and education.
(L) The IDS Tower, the tallest building, reflecting Wells Fargo Center,
(M) A public transit vehicle in Minneapolis, Minnesota (R) Minneapolis
Institute of Arts
The state is known for its moderate to progressive politics and social
policies, civic involvement, and high voter turnout.
Minnesota is ranking among the healthiest states, and has a highly literate
population. Minnesotans have the nation's
lowest premature death rate, third-lowest infant mortality rate, and the
second-longest life expectancies. According to
the U.S. Census Bureau, 91% of residents in Minnesota are covered by their
health insurance, more than in any other
state. These and other measures have led two groups to rank Minnesota as
the fourth healthiest state in the nation.
(L)The common Loon A distinctive cry is heard during the summer months
in the northern part of the Minnesota state.
(R) Phelps Mill in Otter Tail County, Minnesota
(L) Map of Minnesota's population change This map shows a steady increase
in population in the Minneapolis Metropolitan Area.
(R) Laurentian Mixed Forest, Minnesota
Medical care is provided by a comprehensive network of hospitals and clinics,
headed by two institutions with inter-
national reputations. The University of Minnesota, School of Medicine is
a highly rated teaching institution, that has
made a number of breakthroughs in treatment, and its research activities
contribute significantly to the state's
growing biotechnology. Mayo Clinic, a world-renowned medical practice,
is based in Rochester.
Source: University of Texas Libraries
Minnesota's new statewide smoking ban 2007
Freedom to Breathe Act
The Freedom to Breathe Act of 2007 is a piece of Minnesota legislation
that restricts the act of smoking tobacco
products in public places. It amends sections of Minnesota Clean Indoor
Air Act of 1975. This act protects the public
from the hazardous secondhand-smoke by banning smoking in public places.
The need for policy change was fueled by facts of what secondhand smoke does to the human body. Secondhand-
smoke, also referred to as environmental tobacco smoke, is a complex mixture
of chemicals from gas exhaled by
a smoker and from a lit tobacco product. Tobacco smoke contains thousands
of chemicals, that include more than
50 known cancer causing agents, and include 200 poisons. Numerous studies have confirmed that exposure to
secondhand-smoke causes many serious illnesses in nonsmokers, such as heart
disease, respiratory problems,
low birth weight, and sudden infant death. Secondhand-smoke is estimated
to be responsible for 3,000 deaths
from lung cancer per annum among non-smokers in the United States. Secondhand smoke also accounts for up to
62,000 heart disease related deaths every year.
The Minnesota law applies to bars, restaurants, private clubs, lobbies
of hotels and motels, public transportation,
taxis, and smaller commercial vehicles carrying more than one person. State law does not address smoking outdoors,
but some local ordinances may prohibit smokingnear the entrances.
Smoking is permitted in the following places:
Punishment for violations of the smoking ban is a petty misdemeanor with
fines up to $300. The owner of a bar or
- A specified rooms in residential health care facilities.
- A separated, well-ventilated area of locked psychiatric units.
- Specified areas for use in peer-reviewed scientific studies related to
- Private homes and residences when they are not in use as a place of employment.
- Hotel and motel guest rooms
- Tobacco-product shops for sampling products
- Heavy commercial vehicles
- Farm vehicles and construction equipment.
- Buildings on family farms
- A rest camp for disabled veterans
- Smoking is also permitted by Native Americans as part of a traditional
- spiritual or cultural ceremony and by actors as part of a theatrical performance.
restaurant could face a similar fine for violations, as well as penalties
up to the fine of $10,000.
Minnesota Department of Health
Source: Star Tribune, Minnesota, September 30, 2007 and others
Total Smoking Ban in USA and Canada.
Smoke-free BC Canada
Smoking Ban in Public and Work places in Alberta
Smoking Ban in Saskatchewan
Nonsmokers Health Protection Act, Manitoba
Smoke-free Ontario Act
Tobaco Control in Quebec
Smoke-free Places Act, New Brunswick
Smoke-free Places Act, Nova Scotia
Smoking Ban in New Jersey
Smoke-free Illinois Act
Smoking Ban in California 1998
Beverly Hills banned in all outdoor dining areas
Smoking Ban in a condominium of California
Smoking Ban in the State of Washington
Smoking Ban in Oregon
Montana passed statewide smoking Ban
Colorado Clean Indoor Air Act
Smoking Ban in Arizona
Smoking Ban in the State of Maine
Smoking Ban in Vermont
Smoking Ban in the Ｍassachusetts state.
Smoking Ban in New York
Smoking Ban in Maryland
Smoking Ban in Washington,D.C.
Smoking Ban in Minnesota
Smoking Ban in Delaware
Smoking Ban in Ohio
Smoking Ban in Iowa
Smoking Ban in Utah
Smoking Ban in Rhode Island
Smoking Ban in Nevada
Smoking Ban in Virginia
Smoking Ban in Michigan
Smoking Ban in Wisconsin
「禁煙席ネット」主宰 日本タバコフリー学会顧問 医学博士 宮本順伯
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The article was written in September 2008, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.