Maryland



State of Maryland

Maryland has an estimated population of about 5,600,000. Immigration from outside the United States
resulted in a net increase of 130,000 people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of
the 13,000 people. Maryland is a life science hub with over 350 biotechnology firms, making it the
third-largest cluster in the nation. Institutions and agencies located throughout Maryland include the
firms of University system of Maryland, Johns Hopkins University, Food and Drug Administration (FDA),
and National Institute of Health (NIH).


(L) Baltimore, the largest city in Maryland
(R) Sunset over a marsh at Cardinal Cove, on the Patuxent River, located southwest of Baltimore

Ocean City and Coastal Highway, on the seashores of Atlantic Sea

8-mm film video: 1962 Auto Trip to Ocean City, Atlantic City, and New York



(L) Physical regions of Maryland: Atlantic Costal Plain, Piedmont Region and Appalachian Mountains.
(R) The Chesapeake Bay Bridge, which connects Maryland's eastern and western shores, is the most popular route
for tourists to reach the resort town of Ocean City. It is a major dual-span bridge in the state of Maryland.
The writer has passed a newly constructed the parallel span of the 7 km-length bridge by a new GM station wagon,
in April 1974.

Source: University of Texas Libraries

(L) A richy farm land in Maryland
(R) New Carrolton is a suburban residential community, which is located between Baltimore, Annapolis and Washingtion, DC.
This photograph was taken in October 2010, by Dr. J. Miyamoto.


Maryland Clean Air Act of 2007

Smoking is illegal inside bars, restaurants in Maryland.

Maryland Governor signed the Clean-Air Act of 2007, extending the state's smoking ban to bars, restaurants,
and private social clubs. The statewide smoking ban, which became effective February, 2008, and smoking
is prohibited in the indoor areas open to the public. Smoking is also prohibited in government-owned or
government-operated means of mass transportation.

Exceptions to this law include hotel rooms、as long as the total number of smoking rooms is not greater than 25%. A first violation will result in a written warning.  A second violation will result in a civil penalty of $100,
and each additional violation will result in a penalty of not less than $250. Bar and restaurant owners could
avoid fines if people light up and the owners can prove they took steps to prevent indoor smoking, such as removing ashtrays and posting no-smoking signs. There is no smoking restriction at the outside.


Total Smoking Ban in USA
 
smorking ban New Jersey  New Jersey 
smorking ban Illinois USA Illinois 
smorking ban California USA California
smorking ban Beverly Hills California Beverly Hills 
smorking ban condominium Condominium of California
smorking ban Washington state State of Washington
smorking ban Oregon USA Oregon  
smorking ban Montana USA Montana
smorking ban Colorado USA Colorado
smorking ban Arizona USA Arizona 
smorking ban Maine USA Maine
smorking ban Vermont USA Vermont 
smorking ban Massachusetts Massachusetts
smorking ban New York New York 
smorking ban Maryland USA Maryland 
smorking ban Washington DC Washington,D.C.
smorking ban Virginia USA Virginia
smorking ban Minnesota USA Minnesota 
smorking ban Delaware USA Delaware 
smorking ban Ohio USA Ohio 
smorking ban Iowa USA Iowa 
smorking ban Utah USA Utah 
smorking ban Rhode Island Rhode Island 
smorking ban Nevada USA Nevada 
smorking ban Michigan USA Michigan 
smorking ban Wisconsin USA Wisconsin


米国東部の「中部大西洋沿岸ベルト地帯」を構成する州で、海軍兵学校のあるアナポリスが州都である。
最大の都市はボルティモアであるが、南はワシントン市に隣接する。ベセスダ市はエリート官僚の住む
高級住宅地で、世界最大のNIH(アメリカ国立衛生研究所)がある。一人当たりの収入は全米5番目と
いわれている。

筆者は1960年代初頭、ワシントンDC居住中にメリーランド州を頻繁に訪れている。当時、ボルチモア
市には古い建物の多い街並みが立ち並んでいたが、ワシントン市の周りには緑の住宅地と豊かな農地とが
広がっていた。チェサピーク湾が州の中央部分に入り込んでいるが、長い橋で両岸の地は結ばれている。
チェサピーク湾橋は全長7,000メートル、建設当時は世界で最も長い吊り橋であった。筆者は1974年
4月に東京から迎えた母親と共に、ニューヨークから首都ワシントンへ向かう途中でここを通過している。
大西洋に繋がる長い長い水面上をGMの新車で走行した時のとびきりの開放感は、30年以上経過した
今でも脳裏に深く刻み込まれている。

メリーランド州では1955年以降、オフィス、室内職場での喫煙を法令で禁止して来たが、2008年2月、
すべてのレストランおよびバーは全面禁煙となった。屋外での喫煙規制はない。



メリーランド州
2008年11月執筆 2009年11月英文加筆 2010年10月写真添加
執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
The article was written in November 2008, ,by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.



smorking ban Washington DC 
Washington, D.C.



Special Note: 日本語表示

 Russia unduly occupies our Northern Territories of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
  Domestic travel in Japan
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Stop merging war criminals and war victims at Yasukuni Shrine.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.

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