english index tobacco control English Index



NEW YORK



Manhattan, New York

Manhattan is located primarily on Manhattan Island at the mouth of the Hudson River. It is the most densely
populated county in the United States, with 27,485 residents per square kilometer. It is also one of the
wealthiest counties in the United States, with a 2005 personal income per capita above $100,000.
(Source: US Bureau of Economic Analysis, 23.April.2009)



(L)A Satellite photo of Manhattan, New York by Nasa (R) Time Warner Center consists of 299 m high twin towers.

(L) Amtrak's Acela Express for Washington, D.C. arrived at Pennsylvania Station of New York City.
(R) A police Booth in the center of the hall of the second floor of Pennsylvania Station

(L) No smoking sign on the wall of Pennsylvania Station
(R) A sign board of the Starbucks saying 'Starbucks is a Smoke-free Environment'.


Manhattan is a major commercial, financial, and cultural center of both the United States and the world.
The most major radio, television, and telecommunication companies in United States are based here,
as well as much news, magazine, book, and other media publishers. Manhattan has many famous landmarks,
tourist attractions, museums, and universities. Manhattan has the largest central business district
in the United States, is the site of both the New York stock exchange and Nasdaq, and is the home of
the numerous number of corporate headquarters in the nation. It is the center of the New York City and
metropolitan region, hosting the seat of city government and a large portion of the area's employment,
business, and entertainment activities.


(L) Tall buildings in Manhattan District (R) Reuters Headquarters in Times Square, Manhattan

(L) Metropolitan Museum, New York (R) A new yorker selling the pictures with a gorgeous color

(L) American Museum of Natural History is located next to the Central Park, New York.
(R) Tall buildings in Manhattan stand on the hard rocky stone layer.

(L) The ground under the bench on a sidewalk beside the Central Park is full of cigarette butts.
(M) A white woman is smoking while walking. The burning tip of cigarette may hit a child's eye.
(R) A street smoking by a Japanese couple

Entertainment center, Broadway, Manhattan, New York City

(L) The world economic center, New York Stock Exchange, Wall Street, Manhattan
(R) One of the world's most famous street, Wall Street, Manhattan, New York City

(L) No smoking sign plate at the American Stock Exchange
(R) A pole style-cigarette butt-receptor outside of the American Stock Exchange

'Charging bull' stands near Wall Street

World-famous ice Rink at Rockefeller Center, Manhattan, New York


New York City outdoor smoking ban begins.


Very quiet New York's Central Park with a rich in green

Smokers in New York City looking for lighting up in most public places will not be able to without paying
a price after an outdoor citywide smoking ban takes an effect. The law, which Mayor Michael Bloomberg
signed in February 2011 after it was passed by the New York City Council, will make smoking illegal
in New York City's 1,700 parks and on the city's 14 miles of public beaches. Smoking will also be
prohibited in pedestrian plazas like Times Square. The ban is designed to help curb exposure to
secondhand smoke as well as reduce litter.

Secondhand smoke causes close to 50,000 deaths per annum, and side effects may include lung cancer,
respiratory infections and asthma, according to the American Lung Association's website. Cigarette
butts account for 75% of the litter found on New York City beaches, according to a news release
from Bloomberg's office. "Smoking in parks and beaches not only harms people trying to enjoy these
recreational facilities. It also causes a litter problem that harms the beauty of our parks," Bloomberg
said before he signed the bill into law. New York follows in the footsteps of 105 municipalities in states,
including California, Hawaii, Massachusetts and New Jersey that have banned smoking on public beaches.
Major cities, include Los Angeles, Minneapolis and Seattle. In states including California, Texas, Illinois,
Minnesota and New Jersey, 507 municipalities impose laws that prohibit city parks, or specifically named
city parks, to allow smoking. Major cities include Los Angeles, San Francisco and Salt Lake City.
Puerto Rico prohibits smoking in all parks and beaches.

"These smoke-free laws start at a local level," said Cynthia Hallett, executive director of Americans
for Nonsmokers' Rights. "They are based on community demand, science looking at exposure to
secondhand smoke and the environmental impact. Thirty-five states have laws, in effect, which require
the 100% smoke-free non-hospitality workplaces, restaurants or bars. The smokefree Laws compiled in
April 2011. In all, 79.4% of the country's population is covered by local and state laws banning smoking.
Hallett added that the trend to ban smoking is working from the inside out, starting in the indoor
workplace, moving to restaurants with patios and then eventually to the great outdoors.

The ban will be enforced by the city's parks department, and if violators are caught, they could be fined $50.
New York passed its first Smoke-Free Air Act in 1988, when smoking was banned in public restrooms
and taxicabs. Since then, the law has been amended three times, most notably in 2002, when smoking
in some indoor areas, including restaurants
and bars, was banned.

Source: May 23, 2011 Jordana Ossad, CNN



Total Smoking Ban in USA and Canada

smorking ban bc canada Smoke-free BC Canada
smorking ban alberta canada Smoking Ban in Public and Work places in Alberta
smorking ban Saskatchewan Smoking Ban in Saskatchewan 
smorking ban manitoba canada Nonsmokers Health Protection Act, Manitoba 
smorking ban ontario canada Smoke-free Ontario Act 
smorking ban quebec canada Tobacco Control in Quebec 
smorking ban new Brunswick Smoke-free Places Act, New Brunswick 
smorking ban nova scotia Smoke-free Places Act, Nova Scotia 

smorking ban New Jersey  Smoking Ban in New Jersey 
smorking ban Illinois USA Smoke-free Illinois Act 
smorking ban California USA Smoking Ban in California 1998
smorking ban Beverly Hills California Beverly Hills banned in all outdoor dining areas 
smorking ban condominium Smoking Ban in a condominium of California
smorking ban Washington state Smoking Ban in the State of Washington
smorking ban Oregon USA Smoking Ban in Oregon  
smorking ban Montana USA Montana passed statewide smoking Ban
smorking ban Colorado USA Colorado Clean Indoor Air Act
smorking ban Arizona USA Smoking Ban in Arizona 
smorking ban Maine USA Smoking Ban in the State of Maine
smorking ban Vermont USA Smoking Ban in Vermont 
smorking ban Massachusetts Smoking Ban in the Massachusetts state.
smorking ban New York Smoking Ban in New York 
smorking ban Maryland USA Smoking Ban in Maryland 
smorking ban Washington DC Smoking Ban in Washington,D.C.
smorking ban Minnesota USA Smoking Ban in Minnesota 
smorking ban Delaware USA Smoking Ban in Delaware 
smorking ban Ohio USA Smoking Ban in Ohio 
smorking ban Iowa USA Smoking Ban in Iowa 
smorking ban Utah USA Smoking Ban in Utah 
smorking ban Rhode Island Smoking Ban in Rhode Island 
smorking ban Nevada USA Smoking Ban in Nevada 
smorking ban Virginia USA Smoking Ban in Virginia
smorking ban Michigan USA Smoking Ban in Michigan 
smorking ban Wisconsin USA Smoking Ban in Wisconsin


USA and CANADA 2007
Arrival to Boston State of Maine to the Canadian Border Quebec City Autumn-tinted Quebec, Montreal
Ottawa Vermont and New Hampshire Boston  Boston Railway Boston Subway 
Amtrak Acela Express  Manhattan1 Manhattan2 New York Railway  New York Subway and JFK Airport

USA and CANADA 2010
Washington, DC Ontario Michigan

Canada 2011
Smokefree British Columbia Smokefree Alberta  Trip to Canada 2011 Vancouver
North Vancouver Whistler Skytrain  VIA train Jasper Icefield and Bow Summit
Emerald Lake Lake Louise Banff Calgary Edmonton Hospitals in BC and Alberta
Tobacco control in B.C. and Alberta 2011


english index tobacco control 日本語

ニューヨーク・マンハッタン
写真撮影 2007年10月 2007年10月執筆 2009年11月 英文加筆
「禁煙席ネット」 主宰 医学博士 宮本順伯
本文および写真の著作権は宮本順伯に帰属
All photographs were taken in October 2007, unless otherwise described.
The article was written in October 2007, and revised in November 2009,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.




Manhattan New York - continue



smokefree.jpn.com
受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  鉄道車内完全禁煙レンタカー レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 空港 公共空間 喫煙規制
Restaurant hotel railway rent-a-car travel airport tobacco smoking ban