Can China restrict smoking in a public space?




There is no rule in smoking in the street of Shanghai.

The first time, we arrived in Shanghai, and walked on the busy street of East Nanjing Road, we are
very much suffered from the bad smell, mixed with a tobacco-smoke and a photo-chemical smog.
Many smokers in a street are putting a light on a cigarette, holding it in their hand. Sometimes, we
are afraid of burning the clothes from the live cigarette. It was not on one occasion that we saw
a smoker spitting on the walkway.


(L) A tourist is taking picture with a cigarette in his hand, at East Nanjing Road, Shanghai
(M) Smokers at the entrance to a hotel
(R) A Chinese is enjoy walking with cigarette around a park next to the Yu Garden, Shanghai.

' When in Roma, do as the Romans do'. Tourists from abroad are taking a picture with a cigarette in his hand.

Tourists abroad and resident Chinese smoker in YuYuan Market, Shanghai

(L) A suvenior shot with a cigarette in the left hand.
(R) Smokers in front of the Starbucks

(L) A woman smoker at a terrace seat of Shanhai's fast food shop
(R) A beggar smoker in Souzou was waiting for a foreign customer to go out for requesting money by force.


Smoking at the Shanghai Pudong International Airport


(L) Several smokers are putting the light on at the outside of Shanghai International Airport.
(R) A carriage porch of Shanghai International Airport.
 
(L) No-smoking sign pasted on the wall of the Sanghai airport.
(R) A few air passengers were smoking outside of the smoking room.

(L) Two air passengers were smoking outside of the smoking room.
(R) A smoking room in the Shanghai International Airport: The inside of smoking room is narrow and dark.

Smoking restriction of the world airports


Can the Government enforce a smoking-control law in Shanghai?
China lacks enforcement of legislation.



The Shanghai People's Congress issued the city's first smoking control law in March 2010.
The law bans smoking in 12 types of public places including indoor smoking at schools,
hospitals, sport stadiums, public transport vehicles and Internet cafes. Anyone caught
smoking would first be given a warning and then face a fine of 50 to 200 yuan if they resist.
According to Li Zhongyang, the deputy head of the Shanghai Health Promotion Committee,
the smoking ban was enacted to protect citizens' health and also promote Shanghai's image
as a cosmopolitan city.

Despite the popular support for the Shanghai smoking ban, many also feel skeptical about
the actual implementation of the law. Shanghai residents point out that despite the fact
many shopping malls and all subways and subway stations actually already banned smoking
prior to this law, there is low compliance and people often smoke directly in front of
the no-smoking signs. One most basic concern Shanghai residents have regarding the ban
is the lack of clarity regarding who will do the fining and who will report the offenses.
Public health experts agree that it will be difficult to enforce a strict ban with the large
number of smokers present in Shanghai.
Reference: Wikipedia



Smoking ban violations rose in 2012


A shop clerk is smoking inside at tobacco-alcohol shop on the East Nanjing Road, Shanghai.


Shanghai health authorities found more people violating the city's smoking ban at internet bars,
restaurants and entertainment venues in 2012. The local government banned smoking three years
ago in certain indoor areas, such as schools, hospitals, and public transportation vehicles.

The number of people authorities caught smoking in internet bars jumped 54.4 percent
year-on-year, according to the Shanghai Municipal Health Promotion Committee. The number
of people found smoking in entertainment venues and restaurants rose 46 percent and 25 percent
respectively over the previous year.

The committee imposed 350,000 yuan in fines on 190 venues and 100 individualsin 2012.
"The major cause for the rise is the reluctance of venue owners to follow the smoking
regulations. They are afraid the ban might hurt their business."The owner of an internet
bar in Pudong New Area, said the smoking ban has cost him customers.
He told the Global Times that some customers will just walk out when he asks them
to stop smoking. Another reason for the increase is the lenient penalty. Although smoking
regulations state that a company can be fined up to 20,000 yuan, only one entertainment
venue has been fined anywhere near that amount.

The current policy only allows authorities to issue a warning the first time they find a violation.
Inspectors can only issue a fine if they return and find the venue is still breaking the rules.
According to the local smoking control policy released in March 2010, 26 kinds of venues
including schools, hospitals, and public transit system are listed as places where smoking
is prohibited. Karaoke bars and restaurants are allowed to set up designated areas for smokers.

According to a committee survey last year, 90 percent of about 15,000 respondents said
they wanted to broaden the smoking ban to all indoor venues. Thirty percent of respondents
were smokers.

Source: Global Times, February 28, 2013

上海についた最初の日に繁華街、南京東路を歩き始めにまず感じたことは、タバコの臭いとスモッグとの入り
混じった空気を吸い込んだ時で、とても息苦しく早くその場から立ち去りたい気分でいっぱいであった。
道路上や道端で、歩きながら、至る所でタバコを吸う人が絶えることがない。人ごみの中でも片手にタバコを
持っているので、服などにいつやけど跡をつけられるか心配だ。中にはタバコを吸いながら痰を吐くものもいる。
上海国際空港では喫煙室が暗く狭いこともあり、喫煙室の外で数人の中国人と思われる旅客がタバコを吸っていた。
水の都、蘇州ではレスラン屋外でタバコを吸っていた乞食が、車の中まで手を入れて強引に金銭を求めてきた。
中国では列車内は完全禁煙と規定されているが、上海駅に着く直前に列車のデッキでタバコを吸っているのを
並行して走る蘇州からの高速鉄道から目撃した。しかし、列車番号に K, T の付く長距離列車では喫煙が
許されているとの情報もある。現在の規制についてはネット上で検索しても探し当てることが出来ない。

Suzhou 蘇州

Shanghai public smoking ban begun in March 2017.
China
China: The world's largest tobacco market

China in 2019
Arrival to Beijing Airport High-grade Hotels in Beijing Great Wall in China Forbidden City in Beijing
Jingshan Park and Temple of Heaven, Beijing Summer Palace in Beijing Beijing Restaurants
High-speed train in China Hotels in Nanjing and Shanghai Metro in Nanjing and Shanghai
Cities of Nanjing and Shanghai A fast-growing nation, China Smoking ban in China in 2019
Departure from Shanghai Airport

Shanghai in 2013
Shanghai's Smoking Ban Smoking Ban in Restaurant looks hazy Smoking Ban in Restaurant appeared to fail.
Suzhou Shanghai Shanghai Hotels Shanghai Railways Shanghai Life Smoking in Shanghai in 2013

Smoking Ban in China 2007-2015
Difficulty in introducing a carpet smoking ban in China. Smoking declines as tobacco taxes increase
Smoking Ban in a restaurant looks hazy. Smoking Ban in a restaurant appears to fail.
A new smoking ban in Beijing 2015

上海におけるタバコ規制 2017
執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
The article was written and photograph was taken in May 2013, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.
Information was added in June 2019.

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