english index tobacco control English Index



National Capitol, Washinton, DC



District of Columbia



Washington, D.C. is a federal district, distinct from the states, to serve as the permanent national capital. The city is
located on the north bank of the Potomac River and is bordered by the states of Virginia to the southwest and Maryland
to the other sides. The District has a resident population of about 600,000. The population during the workweek rises
to over one million. The Washington metropolitan area, which includes the area of D.C., has a population of 5.3 million.


The Washington Monument

The monument was damaged during the Virginia earthquake of August 23, 2011 and Hurricane Irene in the same year;
it remains closedto the public while the structure is assessed and repaired. The National Park Service estimates the
monument will be closed until 2014. Difficulties in repair include complexities such as the time needed to erect scaffolding.


Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states of Maryland and Virginia


(L) The Capitol viewed from the Washington Monument
(R) The stature of Abraham Lincoln at the Lincon Memorial

The Washington Monument is mirrored in the Reflecting Pool.

The U.S. Capitol building and the pond

The Capitol building

The Capitol building and a goose

Washington, D.C. is a planned city. The design for the City of Washington was largely the work of Piere C. L'Enfant,
a French-born architect, engineer, and city planner. President Washington empowered L'Enfant to plan the layout
of the new capital in 1791. L'Enfant's plan was modeled in the Baroque style and incorporated avenues radiating
out from rectangles, providing room for open space and landscaping. His design also envisioned a garden-lined
grand avenue 1.6 km in length and 120 m wide in the area that is now the National Mall.


The National Mall, which links the Capitol, Washington Memorial and Lincoln Memorial buildings
was the 1901 Mc Millan Plan.

The city plan was finalized by McMillan in 1901. It included the re-landscaping of Capitol grounds and the Mall, constructing
new Federal buildings and monuments, clearing slums, and establishing a citywide park system. Architects recruited by
the committee kept much of the city's original layout, and their work is thought to be largely in keeping with L'Enfant's
intended design.

( Source: Wikipedia )


A welcome message to the White House and a side gate, which is not open to public.

The northern wall of White House and a police car

A souvenir photo shot at the south fence of the White House

A lovely squirrel in the national park of District of Columbia

The Washington Monument and a flower in a park

The Department of Treasury and the official, surrounded by packages of newly minted currency,
counting and wrapping dollar bills. Washington, D.C., 1907

Seals of the Department of Treasury, United States

(L) Cherry trees are in full bloom at Tidal Basin in Washington, DC, photographed in April
1961 .
(R) Beautiful cherry trees link around the Tidal Basin. Washington Monument is visible, in the distance.

(L) The photograph shows the White House in a snowy Christmas time, in December
1960.
(R) A tourist is enjoying the eastern end of the National Mall and the capitol ground in early spring., April
1974.

(L) A cherry-blossom parade on the Constitution Avenue (R) Miss Cherry Blossom Queen contest in D.C
Both photos were taken in April
1961.

A cherry blossom parade is in progress on the Constitution Avenue.
Both photos were taken in April
1961.

A cherry blossom parade held in 2011
(Source:NHK TV April12, 2011)

Smoking ban in the District of Columbia

アメリカ合衆国の首都、ワシントン・コロンビア特別区(Washington, District of Columbia ) 、その行政は連邦政府の
直轄地である。市内の人口は60万人ほどであるが、メリ−ランド州、バージニア州にまたがる首都圏人口は、その数倍に及ぶ。
1791年、フランス人都市設計家、ピエール・シャルル・ランファンらによる構想で、環状交差路から放射状に広い道路が
作られた。1901年には、ジェームス・マクミランらによって公園の整備など景観を主眼に再構築された。

日本から送られたポトマック川の河畔に伸びる桜並木は4月上旬に一斉に開花し、美しい春の到来を告げる。筆者は1960年代
にこの地の病院で働いていた。1974年に今は亡き母親を伴い家族ではるばるカナダから車で再びこの地を訪れたが、多くの
思い出を秘めた地域である。冬の寒さは厳しいが、4月から5月にかけての花と新緑の季節、10月から11月の紅葉に彩られる
秋の季節はとてもすばらしい。


Washington, D.C.
Arrival to Washington, D.C. The U.S.capitol Metro railway Union Station Museums Socioeconomic aspect
Smoking ban in Washington, D.C.

Ontario,Canada and Michigan, USA
Detroit Airport Niagara Falls Toronto Upper Michigan Lower Michigan

首都ワシントンDC
2008年11月執筆  2010年10月加筆
「禁煙席ネット」主宰 日本タバコフリー学会顧問 医学博士 宮本順伯
★This Web site is link-free.
The article was written and photographs were taken by Dr. J. Miyamoto, in October 2010,
unless otherwise described. Information about the damage to the Washington Monument by
the 2011 Virginia Earthquake, occurred in August 2011, and it under repair works,
was added in 2012.



Metro railway networks in Washinton, DC



Special Note:
 Russia unduly occupies our Northern Territories of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
  Domestic travel in Japan
 Smoke-free should be the minimum standard for the host city in the Olympic.
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Stop merging war criminals and war victims at Yasukuni Shrine.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.


www. smokefree.jpn.com
COPYRIGHT(C)2006-2020 JUNHAKU MIYAMOTO, PhD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
The way to contact to the writter
Smoke-free rental condominium in Tokyo (PR)
Junhaku Miyamoto: profile


Smoke-free Hotel and Travel

受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  屋内喫煙設備撤去 鉄道車内完全禁煙レンタカー レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 空港 喫煙規制
Restaurant hotel railway rent-a-car travel airport condominium tobacco smoking ban
  Twitter@worldviewtokyo Twitter: @smokefreejpn