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Smoking ban in public places in Brazil



Brazil


Amazon rainforest, the largest tropical forest in the world


The total area of the country of Brazil is 8,514,877km2. The population is estimatedabout 191,000,000 in 2009.


After the endless battles, Brazil declared the independence from Portugal in 1822. It was later recognized in 1825.
(L) The Portuguese and their American Indian and African allies expanded the Brazilian territory through endless
wars of conquest. (R) Declaration of the Brazilian Independence in 1822


Official language is Poryuguse. The largest city in Brazil is Sao Paulo. The capital is Brasillia. The GDP was
US$ 1,994 trillion, and annual GDP growth was 5.7% in 2008. Main industries are following:
airplanes industry, steel, coal, machine building, armaments, textiles and apparel, petroleum, cement, chemicals
and fertilizers, consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics, food processing, transportation equipment,
including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; electronics, telecommunications equipment,
commercial space launch vehicles, satellites, real state, brewing, and tourism.
Source: Wikipedia


Source: University of Texas Libraries

Brasilia, the capital of Brazil


Smoking ban in public places in Brazil

Sao Paulo, the most important Latin American state in economic terms, became the first in Brazil to adopt
the complete smoke free law, being followed by Rio de Janeiro. Under the new regulation, there will not be
a smoking section in any place around the state. The ordinance will become effective from August 2009
with smoking forbidden in all indoor and enclosed public spaces such as bars and restaurants, clubs,
shopping malls, movie theaters, banks, supermarkets, bakeries, health facilities, government offices and schools.

Sao Paulo's government has raised 500 specialized agents to make sure the rule is respected at all times.
The first team trained to warn smokers about the risk for their health.

As soon as the new law becomes effective, anybody violating it will be charged with a fine. Public sites can be
punished with a maximum fine of R $ 1,585,00 ( Brazilian currency ). If there is a second infraction, the site
will be closed. Poll surveys showed 88% of residents in Sao Paulo support the Smoke Free Law.


View on Rio de Janeiro and Guanabara Bay from Corcovado Mountain


Brazil, the country in progress for the future

Federative Republic of Brazil is a country in South America. It is the fifth largest and most populous country
in the South America.

Brazil was a colony of Portugal from 1500 until its independence in 1822. The area is the world's eighth largest
economy at market. Economic reforms have given the country new international projection. Brazil is a home
to diversity of wild life, natural environments, and extensive natural resources in a variety of protected habitats.

The climate of Brazil varies considerably from the tropical north (Amazon) to the south lower temperature zone.
There is a little seasonal variation near the equator. At the country's other extreme, frosting and snowfalls are
observed on the high plateau and mountainous areas of some states during winter.
Source: Wikipedia

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Month Average Sunlight (hours) Temperature Discomfort from heat and humidity Relative humidity Average Precipitation (mm) Wet Days (+0.25 mm)
Average Record
Min Max Min Max am pm
Jan 7 23 29 16 39 High 82 70 125 13
Feb 7 23 29 17 37 High 84 71 122 11
March 7 22 28 18 36 Medium 87 74 130 12
April 6 21 27 16 34 Medium 87 73 107 10
May 6 19 25 13 35 Medium 87 70 79 10
June 6 18 24 11 32 Moderate 87 69 53 7
July 6 17 24 11 33 Moderate 86 68 41 7
Aug 7 18 24 12 34 Moderate 84 66 43 7
Sept 5 18 24 10 38 Moderate 84 72 66 11
Oct 5 19 25 14 39 Medium 83 72 79 13
Nov 6 20 26 15 38 Medium 82 72 104 13
Dec 6 22 28 13 39 Medium 82 72 137 14
Souce: BBC Whether Center 2009


Brazil to ban flavored cigarettes, including menthol

Brazil is to ban the sale of flavored tobacco products, including menthol cigarettes, across the country, according to
a Global Post story.
The Anvisa, National Health Surveillance Agency, announced the ban of the additives used
exclusively in these products were what lured many young people to start consuming tobacco.
Tobacco manufacturers
will have 18 months from when Anvisa's decision is officially published to pull their flavored cigarettes from the
national market, and 24 months to pull other same kinds of tobacco products from the shelves.

Manufacturers will still be allowed to add sugar to Brazilian-made tobacco products and those imported into the country,
and will be allowed to manufacture flavored tobacco products in Brazil for export. Tobacco industry representatives
were said to have been in favor of prohibiting additives that created cigarettes with flavor, but that they had wanted
to continue to be able to sell menthol products. The industry said there was no scientific proof that menthol made
cigarettes more palatable or addictive than did non-menthol cigarettes.
Source: Tobacco Reporter March 21, 2012


Smoking Ban in South America
A Smoke-free, healthy, comfortable surrounding is the minimum standard for Olympic.
Pictorial Health Warning for Smoking in Brazil



A total smoking ban in Uruguay
Incomplete Smoking Ban in Portugal (Former suzerain かっての宗主国)


ブラジル議会は2009年4月、公共的施設の閉鎖空間内での喫煙を禁止する法案を賛成、69票、反対、18票で
可決した。サンパウロ市で既に実施していた受動喫煙防止法をさらに厳格化したもので、屋内でタバコが吸えるのは
自宅だけとなった。違反した場合、喫煙者に罰金はないようだが、施設責任者には罰金が科せられる。

世界的な公共的施設での喫煙規制の潮流の中、ブラジルで公共的施設での全面禁煙を賛成票多数で可決実行に移す。
法令は2009年8月から施行される。最大の都市サンパウロの市民の88%がレストトラン、バーでの喫煙規制に対し
賛成している。

タバコの価格は2009年5月から20%以上値上げされる。ダンヒル・カートンの価格は3.60レアルから4.50レアルへ、
マールボーロが3.40レアルから4.25レアルに上がる(1リアルは約45円)。
引用 2009年4月9日 ニッケイ新聞


ブラジルで公共施設での喫煙を全面禁止

「禁煙席ネット」 主宰 日本タバコフリー学会顧問 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
The articles were written in October 2009, and revised in September 2013, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.


Leading Countries in Smoking Ban
 Italy    Malta   Ireland    North Ireland  New Zealand  Hawaii   Australia
 USA/Canada  Guam Island  Denmark  Sweden    France  
 UK    Thailand    Iceland    Finland



Special Note
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.
 
全室禁煙ホテル(日本全国)
 世界の鉄道車内は完全禁煙
 レストラン、カフェ、鉄道の全面禁煙はオリンピック開催の前提条件
 受動喫煙防止でWHOが各国政府に屋内全面禁煙の法制化を勧告


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 テレビ小窓の人物表示をやめよ  朝日新聞私の視点 「受動喫煙防止法を制定せよ」   南千島、北方4島は日本固有の領土
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