Smoking ban in public places in Uruguay
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay sometimes rendered
as the Eastern Republic of Uruguay
in the English language is a country located in the southeastern part of
South America. It is home to some
3.5 million people, of whom 1.4 million live in the capital Montevideo
and its metropolitan area. An estimated
88% of the population is of European descent.
Uruguay is one of the most economically developed countries in South America,
with a high GDP per capita.
The economy is largely based on agriculture and the state sector. Uruguay
is rated as the least corrupt
country in Latin America, with its political and labour conditions being
among the freest on the continent.
Source: University of Texas Libraries and a satellite image of Uruguay
Smoking ban was enforced in Uruguay.
Smoking in Uruguay in enclosed public spaces became illegal in March 2006.
restaurants or offices where people are caught smoking face fines of more
or a three-day closure. Uruguay was the first country in Latin America
to ban smoking
in enclosed public spaces. Anti-smoking groups estimate that as many as
a third of 3.4
million people smoke. President Tabare Vazquez, a practicing oncologist,
reports suggesting about seven people die each day in Uruguay, that is
people a year, from smoking-related causes, including lung cancer, emphysema
To help promote the plan, president Vazquez launched a campaign called
"A Million Thanks,"
which is a reference to the number of Uruguayan smokers. So far, the campaign
to have won these people over, as an opinion poll conducted by the Ministry
of Public Health
states that close to 70% of the country's smokers support the legislation.
was the impetus behind the government-decreed measure, which is among the
toughest and is similar to the ban, which has been already in place, in
Uruguay: Successful national smoking ban
Exposure to secondhand smoke decreased greatly in indoor public places
in Montevideo after the implementation of a national smoking ban in 2006.
nicotine reduction between 2002 and 2007 was 91%, and the greatest reductions
observed in schools at 97%, the airport at 94%, and the hospital at 89%.
note that nationwide smoking ban legislation can be successfully implemented
in low- and
middle-income countries. "Reduction of secondhand tobacco smoke in
following national smoke-free legislation in Uruguay"
Source: Tobacco Control 2010; 19:231-234
The manuscript was accepted on 7 February 2010.
Brazil, the country in progress for the future
Smoking Ban in South America
A Smoke-free, healthy, comfortable surrounding is the minimum standard
Pictorial Health Warning for Smoking in Brazil
Incomplete Smoking Ban in Portugal
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The articles were written in August 2010, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.